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The joule (symbol J, also called newton meter, or coulomb volt) is the SI unit of energy and work.

1 J = 1 N × 1 m

1 J = 1 kg × 1 m2 × 1 s-2

1 J = 1 W × 1 s

1 J = 1 C × 1 V

One joule is the work required to exert a force of one newton for a distance of one metre, so the same quantity may be referred to as a newton metre. However, to avoid confusion the newton metre is usually used as a measure of torque, not energy. Another way of visualizing the joule is the work required to lift a mass of 102 g (e.g. a small apple) for one metre under the earth's gravity.

One joule is also the work done to produce power of one watt for one second, such as when somebody takes one second to lift the small apple mentioned above through one metre under the earth's gravity.

1 joule is equal to:

See 1 E0 J for further comparisons.

See also: conversion of units, SI prefixes, Orders of magnitude, eV, kWh, TWh.


It is named in honour of the physicist James Prescott Joule.

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