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Jerzy Grotowski
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Jerzy Grotowski

Jerzy Grotowski (1933 - 1999) was a Polish theater director and a leading figure of theatrical avant garde.

He established and led a theatrical company - Laboratorium - which was in itself very innovative but under overwhelming influence of Grotowski's personality.

Grotowski revolutionarized theatre, and along with his pupil, Eugenio Barba, leader and founder of Odin Teatret, is considered father of contemporary theatre.

Work in Laboratorium produced Grotowski Technique, a method of education and training for actors. It consisted of many excercises that emphasized control of body and voice.

He was the author of Towards a Poor Theatre (1968), which declared that theatre should not, because it could not, compete against the overwhelming spectacle of film and should instead focus on the very root of the act of theatre: actors in front of spectators.