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Iquitos, Peru
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Iquitos, Peru

Iquitos (population 260,000) is the most important city in the jungle of Peru. Located on the Amazon River, between the Napo River and the Ucayali River, it cannot be reached by road, only by airplane or boat.

Iquitos was established as a Jesuit mission in the 1750s, and in 1864 it started to grow when the department of Loreto was created and Iquitos became it capital.

Iquitos was known for its rubber industry through first decade of the 20th century, and there are still great mansions from the 1800s. There are also many floating houses on the Amazon River.

Iquitos has a growing reputation as a tourist community, especially as a jumping-off point for tours of the Amazon jungle and trips downriver to Manaus, Brazil - the other great rubber-industry city in the interior of the Amazon basin - and then the Atlantic Ocean, which is 3,360 kilometers away.