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Informbiro
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Informbiro

Informbiro (also the Informbiro period or the Time of the Informbiro) was a period 1948-1955 in the history of Yugoslavia characterized by conflict and schism with the Soviet Union. The word Informbiro is a Yugoslavian abbreviation for "Information Bureau," from "Communist Information Bureau" (also: "Cominform").

The term refers to the Cominform Resolution of June 28, 1948 that accused the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY), among other things, of "depart[ing] from Marxism/Leninism," exhibiting an "anti-Soviet attitude," "meeting criticism with hostility" and "reject[ing] to discuss the situation at an Informbureau meeting." Following these allegations, the resolution expelled the CPY from Cominform. As a result, Yugoslavia fell outside of the Soviet Empire.

Significant evidence supports the opinion that the actual reason for the resolution was the unwillingness of Josip Broz Tito to obey the instructions of Joseph Stalin. The most serious disputes concerned policy in the Balkans. In particular, Yugoslavia was considered to be pushing too fast towards unification with Bulgaria and Albania; although following Stalin's proposal for a series of such unifications, Tito was seen to be proceeding without proper consultation with Moscow. Another issue was Tito's eagerness to "export revolution" to Greece.

The Cominform Resolution is seen as a failed attempt by Stalin to command obedience not only from Tito, but from other national Communist parties as well.

Contrasting his brutal repression of other satellites' independent moves (e.g. Hungary), it remains unclear what prevented Stalin from miltary intervention. In his memoirs, Nikita Khrushchev asserted that he was "absolutely sure that if the Soviet Union bordered Yugoslavia Stalin would have intervened militarily."

Khrushchev reconciled with Tito in 1955.

This period was also marked by dissent within the CPY and subsequent repression and deportations of political opponents to concentration camps and prisons, notably Goli Otok island.

This period figures prominently in Yugoslavian literature and cinema.

Table of contents
1 Informbiro timeline
2 Informbiro in cinema
3 References
4 External link

Informbiro timeline

Informbiro in cinema

References

External link