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Information processing
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Information processing

In general, information processing is the changing (processing) of information in any manner detectible by an observer. As such, it is a process which describes everything which happens (changes) in the universe, from the falling of a rock (a change in position) to the printing of a text file from a digital computer system. In the latter case, an information processor is changing the form of presentation of that text file.

In cognitive psychology, information processing is an approach to the goal of understanding human thinking. It arose in the 1940s and 1950s. The concept was to develop algorithms which augment intelligence, using computers, which had only been developed in the 1940s.

See also the Information Processing Languages (IPL), by Newell, Shaw and Simon.

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