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Indianapolis, Indiana
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Indianapolis, Indiana

Indianapolis is the capital of Indiana, a state of the United States of America. As of the census of 2000, its population is 791,926. It is the county seat of Marion County.

Indianapolis is the international headquarters of the pharmaceutical corporation Eli Lilly and Company and the US headquarters of Hoffmann-La Roche.

Indianapolis is served by Indianapolis International Airport.

Both of the US navy ships named USS Indianapolis were named for this city.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Geography
3 Demographics
4 The Indianapolis Motor Speedway
5 Sport and Recreation
6 Education
7 Notable natives
8 Local Links


]] Indianapolis was founded in 1822 as the state capitol. While it lies on the old east-west National Road, the portion of that road that crosses Indiana was not built until a decade after the city's foundation. While it was founded on the White River, that waterway was too sandy for trade. Through the mid-1800s, a horse-drawn barge canal by-passed the river bringing goods into the city.

Later, rail connections enlarged the town, and the automobile, as in most American cities, caused a suburban explosion. With automobile companies as Duesenburg, Marmon, National, and Stutz, Indianapolis was a center of production rivaling Detroit, at least for a few years. With roads as the spokes of a wheel, Indianapolis was on its way to becoming a major "hub" of regional transport connecting to Chicago, Louisville, Cincinnati, Columbus and St. Louis. Today, the city is a major trucking center.

As the result of a 1970 consolidation between city and county government (known as "Unigov"), the city of Indianapolis merged most government services with those of the county. For the most part, this resulted in a unification of Indianapolis with its immediate suburbs. Four communities within Marion County (Beech Grove, Lawrence, Southport, and Speedway) are partially exempt from Unigov arrangement, and certain local services such as schools, fire and police remain unconsolidated. However, the mayor of Indianapolis is also the mayor of all of Marion County.


According to the United States Census Bureau, "the balance" (that part of Marion County not part of another municipality) has a total area of 953.5 km² (368.2 mi²). 936.2 km² (361.5 mi²) of it is land and 17.3 km² (6.7 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.81% water.


As of the census of 2000, there were 781,870 people, 320,107 households, and 192,704 families residing in the city, but the metropolitan population was nearing 1.5 million. The population density was 835.1/km² (2,163.0/mi²). There were 352,429 housing units at an average density of 376.4/km² (975.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the balance was 69.09% European American, 25.50% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.04% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Not traditionally known for an ethnically diverse makeup, 3.92% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. The majority of non-white population lives in the central and north portions of the inner-city area.

There are 320,107 households out of which 29.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% are married couples living together, 15.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% are non-families. 32.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.39 and the average family size is 3.04.

The age distribution is: 25.7% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.2 males.

The median income for a household in the balance is $40,051, and the median income for a family is $48,755. Males have a median income of $36,302 versus $27,738 for females. The per capita income is $21,640. 11.9% of the population and 9.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 16.2% are under the age of 18 and 8.1% are 65 or older.

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway, located in Speedway, is the site of the Indianapolis 500, an automobile race held each Memorial Day weekend on a two and one half mile oval track. The first 500 mile race was won by Ray Harroun in the Marmon "Wasp" in 1911. Marmon, incidentally was an Indianapolis manufacturer. Currently, open wheel "Indy Cars" race here; sanctioned by the IRL (Indy Racing League).

The Brickyard, as it is often called, also hosts the NASCAR Brickyard 400 stock car race each August and the Formula 1 U.S. Grand Prix each September.

As measured by the number of fans in attendance (estimated at close to 300,000), the Indianapolis 500 and the Brickyard 400 are the two largest annual single-day sporting events in the world.

Sport and Recreation

Indianapolis is the home of the Indianapolis Indians, a minor league baseball team in the International League, the Indiana Pacers of the National Basketball Association, the Indiana Fever of the Women's National Basketball Association, the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League, and the Indiana Firebirds of the Arena Football League. In addition, the headquarters of the NCAA is in Indianapolis.


Indianapolis is the home of Butler University, the University of Indianapolis, and Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis IUPUI, originally an urban conglomeration of the two rival state institutions at Bloomington and Lafayette. A merger campus created downtown in 1969 at the site of the IU School of Medicine has continuously grown with a student body today of about 28,000, the third largest campus in the state.

Notable natives

Local Links

Regions of Indiana
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