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Home run
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Home run

In baseball, a home run is a base hit in which the batter is able to circle all the bases, ending at home plate and scoring a run, with no errors on the play that result in the batter achieving extra bases. Home runs are among the most popular aspects of baseball, and the biggest stars are often the players who hit the most of them.

Table of contents
1 Types of home runs
2 History of the home run
3 Home run slang
4 Progression of the single-season home run record
5 Related articles
6 External links

Types of home runs

In almost all cases, a home run involves hitting the ball over the outfield fence in fair territory. Very rarely, a batter can hit the ball in play and circle all the bases before the fielders can throw him out; this is called an inside-the-park home run, and typically requires that the fielder misplay the ball in some way, or that the ball is made difficult to play by caroming in unexpected ways or by becoming difficult for a fielder to reach due to structural variances and peculiarities of different ballparks. If the misplay is labeled an error by the official scorer, however, the batter is not credited with a home run. A grand slam home run occurs when the bases are "loaded" (that is, there are baserunners standing on first, second, and third base) and the batter hits a home run. An inside-the-park grand slam is the combination of the two, but it requires such a confluence of circumstances that it is very rare.

History of the home run

Prior to 1931, a ball that bounced over an outfield fence during a Major League Baseball game was considered a home run. The rule was changed to require the ball to clear the fence on the fly, and balls which reached the seats on a bounce became ground-rule doubless in most parks.

The all-time career record for home runs in Major League Baseball is 755, held by Hank Aaron since 1974. Only three other Major League Baseball players have hit as many as 600: Babe Ruth (714), Barry Bonds (683 through his 40th birthday on July 24, 2004), and Willie Mays (660). The single season record is 73, set by Barry Bonds in 2001.

Other legendary home run hitters include Ted Williams, Mark McGwire, Sammy Sosa, Mickey Mantle, Reggie Jackson, Josh Gibson, Ernie Banks, Eddie Mathews and Sadaharu Oh, and all the members of Major League Baseball's, 500 home run club.

Home run slang

Slang terms for home runs include: big-fly, bomb, dinger, blast, clout, four-bagger, homer, jack, shot, moonshot, round-tripper, swat, tater, gopherball, wallop. The act of hitting a home run can be called going yard. A game with many home runs in it can be referred to as a slugfest.

Player nicknames that describe home run-hitting prowess include:

Progression of the single-season home run record

5, by George Hall, Philadelphia Athletics (NL), 1876 (70 games)
9, by Charley Jones in 1879
14, by Harry Stovey, 1883
27, by Ned Williamson, Chicago White Stockings (NL), 1884
Williamson benefitted from a short outfield fence in his home ballpark. The year before and the year afterward, balls hit over that fence in that park were ground-rule doubles, but in 1884 they counted as home runs. Williamson led the pace, but several of his Chicago teammates also topped the 20 HR mark that season. Noticing the fluke involved, fans of the early 20th century were more impressed with Buck Freeman's total of 25 home runs in 1899 or Gavy Cravath's 1915 total of 24.
29, by Babe Ruth, Boston Red Sox (AL), 1919
54, by Ruth, New York Yankees (AL), 1920
Ruth hit nearly the same number of home runs on the road in 1920 as he did in 1919, but hit far more in the Polo Grounds in New York (where the Yankees played at the time) than he did in Fenway Park in Boston the year before.
59, by Ruth, New York (AL), 1921
60, by Ruth, New York (AL), 1927
Ruth hit more home runs in 1927 than any of the other seven American League teams. His closest rival was his teammate, Lou Gehrig, who hit 47 homers that year.
61, by Roger Maris, New York (AL), 1961
Pushing Maris that year was teammate Mickey Mantle; slowed by an injury late in the season, Mantle finished with 54.
70, by Mark McGwire, St. Louis Cardinals (NL), 1998
Pushing McGwire that year was Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs, who finished with 66.
73, by Barry Bonds, San Francisco Giants (NL), 2001

Related articles

External links

Home run also refers to a cable configuration where cable runs from a central location to each device individually, i.e. a Star Topology as opposed to a Daisy Chain Topology.