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Hobbit
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Hobbit

Hobbits are a fictional race from J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth universe which first appears in the book The Hobbit. They also play a major rôle in The Lord of the Rings.

Table of contents
1 Description
2 Origin
3 Some well-known hobbits
4 History
5 Trademark issue

Description

Hobbits are two to four feet tall, with slightly pointed ears, oversized furry feet, and fond of an unadventurous bucolic life of farming, eating, and socializing. Like humans, Hobbits can typically live for up to 100 years (with 80 years average). Hobbits also liked to drink ale in inns, not unlike the English countryfolk, who were Tolkien's inspiration. We can also see that in the name Tolkien chose for the part of Middle-earth where the hobbits live: "The Shire" is clearly reminiscent of the English county names (e.g., Lancashire, Shropshire - see English Shire).

Origin

Hobbits were evidently related to Men, and represented an offshoot of that race. Their exact origin is unknown, but by the early Third Age they were living in the Vales of Anduin in Wilderland.

Hobbits were also called "Halflings" (in Sindarin, perian for singular and periannath for collective) due to their small stature. Hobbits were not offended when they were called so, however they called themselves simply "hobbits". Tolkien's etymology for the latter name is interesting as well: obviously constructed without prior intent, it would have been natural for him to connect it to the German prefix "hob" meaning "small" (e.g. "hobgoblin"). However this prefix dates back "only" to the 13th century, too late by Tolkien's standards, and so he constructed an alternative etymology, from Old English hol-bytla, "hole-dweller". When later he began to work out the language relations further, Hobbit was to be derived from the Rohirric (actually Anglo-Saxon) Holbytlan (hole builders). In the original Westron, the name was Kuduk (Hobbit), derived from the actual Rohirric kûd-dûkan (hole dweller).

According to Tolkien, the word 'hobbit' was the first element of the Hobbit that he created. As a university lecturer, so the story goes, he was in the process of correcting reports when he started scribbling on a piece of paper and wrote, "In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit," and the multitude of stories sprang from that.

Some well-known hobbits

Some known female hobbits from the stories can be found are listed in a separate article.

History

Historically, the Hobbits are known to have originated in the Valley of Anduin, between Mirkwood and the Misty Mountains. According to the LoTR, they have lost the geneological details of how they are related to the rest of humankind. At this time, there were three Hobbit-kinds, with different temperaments. The Harfoots, the most numerous, were almost identical to the Hobbits as they are described in The Lord of the Rings. The Stoors had an affinity for water, boats and swimming; the Fallohides were an adventurous people. (Both of these traits were much rarer in later days.)

Some time near the beginning of the Third Age, they undertook, for reasons unknown, but possibly having to do with Mordor's power, the arduous task of crossing the Misty Mountains. Some of the Stoors, however, stayed behind, and it is from these people that Gollum would come many years later. The Hobbits took different routes in their journey westward, but eventually came to a land between the River Baranduin (which they renamed Brandywine) and the Weather Hills. There they founded many settlements, and the divisions between the Hobbit-kinds began to blur.

Around the year 1600 of the Third Age, two Fallohide brothers decided, again for reasons unknown, to cross the River Brandywine and settle on the other side. Large numbers of Hobbits followed them, and most of their former territory was depopulated. Only Bree and a few surrounding villages lasted to the end of the Third Age. The new land that they found on the west bank of the Brandywine is called the Shire.

A map of the Shire and surrounding regions may be found at Eriador.

Trademark issue

Hobbit is a trademark owned by the Tolkien estate as well as most of the names, places and artifacts included in books by J. R. R. Tolkien. For this reason Dungeons & Dragons; and other fantasy tends to refer to Hobbits and Hobbit-like races rather as Halflings (or hin in the Mystara universe). In ADOM, the hobbit-like race is called hurthlings.

The name 'hobbit' had previously appeared in an obscure "list of spirits" by Michael Denham, which includes several repetitions. There is no evidence to suggest Tolkien used this as a source — indeed he spent many years trying to find out whether he really did coin the word. Denham's 'hobbit spirits' (which are never referenced anywhere except in the long list) have no obvious relation to Tolkien's Hobbits, other than the name (which may possibly imply hob- "small", see also above): Tolkien's Hobbits are small humans, not spirits. Nonetheless, some few people have suggested that the reference in the Denham list should invalidate the trademark.