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Hard bop
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Hard bop

Hard bop was an extension of bebop (bop) music which incorporated influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing.

Its tempi were often slower than bop's, and its bass playing more varied; it was in part intended to be more interesting to audiences unfamiliar with or not fond of bop. It also was probably, as David H. Rosenthal contends in his book Hard Bop, to a large degree the natural creation of a generation of black American musicians who grew up at a time when bop and rhythm and blues were the dominant forms of black American music and jazz musicians as prominent as Tadd Dameron worked in both genres.

Hard bop musicians included Cannonball Adderly, Art Blakey, Clifford Brown, Donald Byrd, Sonny Clark, John Coltrane, Lou Donaldson, Miles Davis, Kenny Drew, Benny Golson, Dexter Gordon, Joe Henderson, Andrew Hill, Freddie Hubbard, Jackie McLean, Charles Mingus, Blue Mitchell, Thelonious Monk, Lee Morgan, and Horace Silver.

Hard bop was developed in the 1950s and 1960s and enjoyed its greatest popularity in that era, but hard bop performers, and elements of the music, remain popular in jazz.

Soul jazz developed from hard bop.

Other hard bop musicians

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Jazz | Jazz genres
Bebop - Dixieland - Cool jazz - Free jazz - Hard bop - Modal jazz - Soul jazz
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