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Greek lexicon
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Greek lexicon

This is a lexicon (word list) of some Greek words, both ancient and modern.

The (modern) Greek alphabet is (the transcription used follows in brackets): Αα (Aa), Ββ (Bb), Γγ (Gg), Δδ (Dd), Εε (Ee), Ζζ (Zz), Ηη (Êê), Θθ(Th th), Ιι (Ii), Κκ (Kk), Λλ (Ll), Μμ(Mm), Νν(Nn), Ξξ (Xx), Οο(Oo), Ππ (Pp), Ρρ (Rr), Σσς (Ss), Ττ (Tt), Υυ (Uu), Φφ (Ph ph), Χχ (Kh kh), Ψψ (Ps ps) Ωω (Ôô)

Hh also occurs in the transcriptions, but as it is not considered a separate letter (being 'rough breathing' instead), entries beginning with Hh are found under their second letter.

Greek Words with Modern Derivatives

This is a list of some older Greek words that have prominent derivatives in English and other modern languages.

Note that, in general, a Greek Υυ (Uu) became a Yy in English and other modern derivates, with the associated 'y' sound, Κκ (Kk) often became Cc, and Χχ (Kh kh) became Ch ch.

Latin Transliteration English Meaning Greek Spelling English Derivative
anêr, andros man (male human) ανήρ, ανδρός Android
flower άνθος
anthrôpos, -ou, -o human being άνθρωπος Anthropomorphism
arakhnê spider αράχνη Arachnid
astêr star αστήρ Astrology
autos, -ê, -o self (reflexive pronoun) αυτός, --ή, -ό Autonomy
barbaros stranger, non-Greek βάρβαρος Barbarian
bios life βίος Biology
dêmos district, its inhabitants, commoners δήμος Democracy
eu well ευ Eulogy
gaia earth γαία Gaia
graphein to write γράφειν Graphics, Graph, -graph(y)
gunê woman γυνή Gynecology
homoios equal όμοιος Homeopathy
hupnos, -ou, -o sleep ύπνος, -ου, -ο Hypnotism
iatros doctor ιατρός
ikhthus fish ιχθύς Ikhthus
kakos, -ê, -on bad κακός, -ή, -ον
khaitê loose, flowing hair χαίτη
kleistos, -h, -on closed, shut κλειστός, -ή, ον
legein
logos, -ou, -on
to pick up, count, say
thought, word (verbal noun)
λέγειν
λόγος, -ου, -ον
-logy
lithos stone λίθος Lithography
makros Large μακρός Macron, macro-
melas, -aina, -an pigmented, black, ink μέλας, -αίνα, αν Melanesia
mikros small μικρός Micron, micro-
monos, -ê, -on alone, solitary, forsaken μόνος, -η, -ο Monotony, mono-
neos new, young νέος Neon, neo-
oligos, -ê, -on few, little, small ολίγος, -η, -ον Oligarchy
ôon egg ωόν Ovary
paideia (or pedia) education, culture παιδεία Encyclopaedia
pais boy, child παίς Pedophilia
pan all, complete παν pan-
peri around περί Perimeter, peri-
philos, -ê
philia
friend
friendship
φίλος, -η
φιλία
Philadelphia, -phile/-philia
phiton, -o plant φυτόν, -ό
phobia
phobos
irrational fear
fear
φοβία
φόβος
Phobia
phone voice φωνή Phone
polus, pollê, polu many, much πολύς, πολλή, πολύ Polynesia, poly-
psikhe spirit, mind ψυχή Psyche
ris, rinos nose ρίς, ρινός Rhinoceros
saura lizard σαύρα Dinosaur
sophein
sophia
to know
knowledge, wisdom
σοφείν
σοφία
-sophy
tele far away τηλέ Telephone, Telepathy
xenos strange, stranger, guest ξένος Xeno
zoon animal ζώον Zoo

Modern Greek words

Africa = afriki
air = aeras
aircraft = aeroskafos
airplane = aeroplano
America = ameriki
American = american
American man = amerikanos
American woman = amerikanida
ancient = arheos (archeos)
Ancient Greece = arhea ellas (archea ellada)
ant = mirmigi
apostle = apostolos
Asia = asia
Astronomy = astronomia
Australia = afstralia
bad = kakos
Balkans = valkania
barbarian = varvaros
bird = pouli
body = soma
book = vivlio
Brazil = vrazilia
Buddhist = voudistis
carpet = hali (chali)
cat = gata
Catholic = katholikos
Chemistry = himia (chimia)
China = kina
Chinese = kineziko, kinezika (language)
Chinese man = kinezos
Chinese woman = kineza
Christian = hristianos (christianos)
church = ekklisia
civilisation (civilization) = politismos
computer = ipologistis
country = hora (chora)
culture = koultoura, politismos
dictionary = leksiko (lexiko)
digital = psifiakos
dog = skilos
drachma = drahmi (drachmi)
ecology = ikologia (oikologia)
economics = ikonomika (oikonomika)
economy = ikonomia (oikonomia)
electronic = ilektronikos
encyclopedia = egiklopedia
England = agglia
English = aggliko, agglika (language)
Englishman = agglos
Englishwoman = agglida
euro = evro
Europe = evropi, europi
family = ikogenia (oikogeneia)
finger = dahtilo (dachtilo)
fish = psari (Modern Greek), ichthis
flower = louloudi
France = gallia
free = eleftheros
freedom = eleftheria
French = galliko, gallika (language)
Frenchman = gallos
Frenchwoman = gallida
friend = filos (M), fili (F)
friendly = filikos (M), filiki (F), filiko
German = germaniko, germanika (language)
German man = germanos
German woman = germanida
Germany = germania
giant = gigantas
gift = doro
god = theos
good = kalos
Greece = ellas, ellada
Greek = ellinas (for people), elliniko
he = aftos
help = voithia
home = oikos (Ancient and Modern Greek), spiti (Modern Greek)
I = ego
if = ean
India = india (indhia)
Internet = diadiktio
Iraq = irak
it = afto
Italy = italia
Japan = iaponia
Jew = evreos, ioudeos
Jewish = ioudeos
joy, happiness = hara (chara), eutihia (eutichia)
knight = ipotis (ippotis)
law = nomos
left = aristera
library = vivliothiki
loan = danio (daneio)
magazine = periodiko
Mathematics = mathimatika
metaphysics = metafisiki
middle ages, dark ages = meseonas
moon = selini, feggari
mountain = vouno, oros
mouse = podiki
Muslim = mousoulmanos, moamethanos
nation = ethnos
network = diktio
now = tora
object = antikimeno
old = paleos, palios
old man = geros
old woman = gria
peace = irini (eirini)
Philosophy = filosofia
Physics = fisiki
picture = ikona
planet = planitis
plant = fito
printer = ektipotis
quick = grigoros
realism = realismos
religion = thriskia
right = deksia
rock = vrahos (vrachos)
Russia = rossia
science = epistimi
scientist = epistimonas
sea = thalassa
self = eaftos
she = afti
slow = arga, argos
space = diastima
spacecraft = diastimoplio
Spain = ispania
star = astro
street = odos
study = meleti
sun = ilios
Sweden = souidia
sword = ksifos, spathi
Taoist = taoistis
teacher = daskalos
text, document = kimeno (keimeno), eggrafo
they = afti (aftoi)
Tibet = thivet
Tibetan = thivetianos
track = dromos
tree = dentro
Turkey = tourkia
turtle = helona (chelona)
war = polemos
we = emis
yogurt = giaourti
you = esi
young man = neos
young woman = nea Note: The word Barbarian (varvaros) in Modern Greek also means "someone without any culture or civilisation, uncivilized".

Numbers

zero (0) = miden (midhen, mi-the-n)
one (1) = ena
two (2) = dio (dhio, the-o)
three (3) = tria (tree-a)
four (4) = tessera
five (5) = pente
six (6) = exi
seven (7) = epta, efta
eight (8) = okto
nine (9) = ennea, ennia
ten (10) = deka (dheka, the-ka)
eleven (11) = edeka, endeka
twelve (12) = dodeka (tho-the-ka)

See also: Greek language

External links