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G
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G


Latin alphabet
A B C D
E F G H I J
K L M N O P
Q R S T U V
W X Y Z

G is the seventh letter in the Roman alphabet.

The letter G was created by the Romans because they felt that C was not an adequate letter to represent both /k/ AND /g/. Fascinatingly, the alleged inventor is a known historical figure, Spurius Carvilius Ruga (who flourished around 230 BC). G, which at this time took the place of the letter Z, came to represent the sound /g/. As the sound /k/ did, /g/ also developed palatal and velar allophones which is the reason why today, G has different sound values in all Romance languages and English (due to French influence).

In English, the letter can be pronounced as a "soft G" (SAMPA: [dZ]), as in: giant, ginger, geology, or it can be pronounced as a "hard G" (SAMPA: [g]), as in: goose, gargoyle, game.

Golf represents the letter G in the NATO phonetic alphabet.

Meanings for G

See also

Two-letter combinations starting with G: