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Geneva
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Geneva

This article is about the city in Switzerland. For other articles subjects named Geneva, see Geneva (disambiguation).


Geneva (French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra, Spanish: Ginebra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), located where Lake Geneva (French: Lac de Genève or Lac Léman) empties into the Rhône River. It is the capital of the Canton of Geneva.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Features
3 Statistics
4 External links

History

Geneva was the name of a settlement of the Celtic people of the Allobrogi, and the name of Geneva, Genua in Latin (Geneva later) appeared for the first time in the writings of Julius Caesar in De Bello Gallico, his comments on the Gallic Wars. After the Roman conquest it became part of the Provincia Romana (Gallia Narbonensis). In 58 BCE, at Geneva, Caesar hemmed in the Helvetii on their westward march. In the 9th century it became the capital of Burgundy. Though Geneva was contested between Burgundians and Franks and the Holy Roman Emperors, in practice it was ruled by its bishops, until the Reformation, when Geneva became a republic.

Due to the work of reformers such as John Calvin, Geneva was sometimes dubbed the Protestant Rome. In the 16th century Geneva was the center of Calvinism; the old town St Peter's Cathedral (Temple St-Pierre) was John Calvin's own church.

It became a canton of Switzerland in 1815. The first of the Geneva Conventions was signed in 1864, to protect the sick and wounded in war time.

External link

Features

Geneva is the seat of many international organizations, including the
World Trade Organization, the Red Cross, CERN, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the World Council of Churches and several United Nations organizations, such as the World Health Organization, the International Labour Organization, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, United Nations Children's Fund, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, the World Intellectual Property Organization etc. Geneva also hosts The International Committee of the Red Cross and Amnesty International. It was also the seat of the League of Nations until its dissolution.

Notable sights in Geneva include its Clock Museum, Art & History Museum and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum.

Geneva's most visible landmark however is not a museum, church or tower, but a fountain: the Jet d'Eau, (water-jet), situated in Lake Geneva and visible throughout the city for its 140 metre high water column.

The city is served by the Geneva Cointrin International Airport. Public transportation within the city is provided by Transports Publics Genevois (TPG)

Statistics

Source: National Office of Statistics and Statistique Genève

See also: UN, John Calvin, CERN

External links