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General practitioner
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General practitioner

A general practitioner (GP) or family physician (FP) is a physician who provides primary care. An GP/FP treats acute and chronic illnesses, provides preventive care and health education for all ages and both sex. Some also care for their hospitalized patients, do minor surgery and/or obstetrics.

In the US, a General Practitioner has completed a one year internship required to obtain a medical license. A Family Practice physician has complete a 3 year medical residency and is eligible for board certification now required by most hospitals in order to attend patients requiring admission.

A Family Physician is board-certified in Family Practice. Training includes a focus on the family as well as treating an individual throughout their life stages. Family physicians complete medical school and 3 more years of specialized medical residency training in Family Practice. Board Certified Family Physicians retake a board-like exam every 6-7 years to remain certified. The American Board of Family Practice, as well as other speciality boards, are requiring additional participation in continuous learning and self-assessment to enhance clinical knowledge, expertise, and skills. The Board has created a program called the Maintenance of Certification Program for Family Physicians (MC-FP) which will require family physicians to continuously demonstrate proficiency in four areas of clinical practice: professionalism, self assessment/lifelong learning, cognitive expertise and performance in practice. Certificates of Added Qualifications (CAQs) in Adolescent Medicine, Geriatric Medicine, or Sports Medicine are available for those physicians who meet additional training requirements.

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Health science - Medicine
Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Emergency Medicine; - General practice; - Intensive care medicine - Internal medicine - Neurology - Obstetrics & Gynecology - Pediatrics - Public Health; & Occupational Medicine; - Psychiatry - Radiology - Surgery
Branches of Internal medicine
Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hematology - Infectious diseases;s - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology - Rheumatology
Branches of Surgery
General surgery; - Cardiothoracic surgery; - Neurosurgery - Ophthalmology - Orthopedic surgery; - Otolaryngology (ENT) - Plastic surgery; - Urology - Vascular surgery;