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Gdynia
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Gdynia

(Kashubian Gdiniô; German Gdingen )1 is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodship of Poland and an important seaport at Gdansk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea.

Gdynia is located in Kashubia in Eastern Pomerania.

Gdynia is part of a conurbation with the spa town of Sopot, the city of Gdańsk; and suburban communities, which together form a metropolitan area called the Tricity (Trójmiasto) with a population of over a million people.

1During World War II, the city was renamed Gotenhafen by the Nazis, who annexed the area in 1939 following their invasion of Poland. The previous name was resumed after the war.

Table of contents
1 Port of Gdynia
2 Economy
3 Education
4 Sports
5 Politics
6 History of Gdynia
7 Modern division into neighbourhoods
8 Population and area
9 See also
10 Further reading
11 External links

Port of Gdynia

2003; Stad Amsterdam, Dar Mlodziezy and Dar Pomorza.]]

Official name:PORT OF GDYNIA AUTHORITY
  • Trans-shipments:
  • See also Ports_of_the_Baltic_Sea

    Economy

    The companies, that have their headquarter in Gdynia:

    Education

    7 universities:

    See also
    Education in Gdynia

    Many Gdynians also studied on other Tricity universities.

    Sports

     
    
    There are many popular professional sports team in Gdynia and Tricity area. Amateur sports are played by thousands of Gdynia citizens and also in schools of all levels (elementary, secondary, university).
     
    

    Sports in Gdynia

     

    Arka Gdynia - men football team (Polish Cup winner 1979, 2nd league 2003/2004 and 2004/2005 seasons)
  • Lotos VBW Clima Gdynia - women basketball team (Polish Champion 2004 in Sharp Torell Basket Liga)
  • KS Laczpol Gdynia - women handball team (1st league in season 2003/2004)
  • Arka Gdynia - rugby team (1st league in season 2003/2004)

  • Sports in Tricity

    Prokom Trefl Sopot - men basketball team (Polish Champion 2004)
  • Lotos Gdansk - cinder-track racing team (Polish Champion 2004)
  • Energa Gedania Gdansk - women voleyball team (Seria A in season 2003/2004)
  • Nata AZS AWFiS Gdansk - women handball team (Premier league in season 2003/2004)
  • DGT AZS AWFiS Gdansk - men handball team (Premier league in season 2003/2004)
  • SMS Gdansk - men handball team (1st league in season 2003/2004)
  • Stoczniowiec Gdansk - men ice hockey team (Premier league in season 2003/2004)
  • Lechia Gdańsk; - men football team (Polish Cup winner 1983, Polish Supercup winner 1983; 3rd league in 2004/2005 season)
  • AZS AWFiS Gdansk - rugby team (1st league in season 2003/2004)

  • Politics

    Gdynia/Slupsk constituency

    Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Gdynia/Slupsk constituency

    Municipal politics

    to be written yet

    History of Gdynia

    Gdynia has a long history. Initially it was a Pomeranian (Kashubian) fishers village first mentioned in 1253. Oksywie, now part of Gdynia, was mentioned even earlier in 1209. In the years 13821772 Gdynia belonged to the Cistersian abbey in Oliwa.

    Gdynia, as part of Eastern Pomerania, was part of the loose confederation of Slavic tribes that would later be called Poland from ca. 9901308. After the Northern Crusades it became a state of the Teutonic Order (1308–1454/66), but afterwards fell to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (14661772). At the Partitions of Poland of 1772 it was annexed into the Kingdom of Prussia (1772–1919), and as part of Prussia became part of the German Empire (1870–1919). After World War One it was assigned as part of the Polish Corridor to Poland (1919–1945), and was re-annexed by Nazi Germany at the start of World War Two in 1939. Gdynia finally became a part of modern Poland in 1945. Its name during the centuries it was under German rule was Gdingen.

    In 1870 Gdynia had some 1200 inhabitants, and it was not a poor fishers village as sometimes described in the literature. It was a popular tourist spot with several guesthouses, restaurants, cafes, a couple of brick houses and small harbour with pier for small trading ships. The first Kashubian mayor of Gdynia was Jan Radtke.

    After the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, the town, with other parts of former Polish Pomerania (or Royal Prussia), was returned to Poland, partially to compensate for the loss of Poland's seaport Danzig/Gdansk and surrounding area, which were declared the Free City of Danzig under the League of Nations, and were only partially under Poland's control.

    Construction of the Seaport

    The decision to build a major seaport at the Gdynia village was made by the Polish government in winter 1920, because of the hostile attitude of the Danzig (Gdansk) authorities and the seaport workers towards Allied military supplies to Poland during the Polish-Soviet War (1919–1920). Construction of the seaport was started in 1921, but because of financial difficulties was conducted slowly and with interruptions. It was accelerated after The Sejm (Polish parliament) had passed Gdynia Seaport Construction Act on 23 September 1922. Upto 1923 550 metres pier, 175 metres of a wooden tide breaker, and a small harbour were costructed. Ceremonial inauguration of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers shelter took place on 23 April 1923, and the first major sea-going ship arrived on 13 August 1923.

    To speed up the construction works Polish government signed in November 1924 a contract with the French-Polish Consortium for Gdynia Seaport Construction, which till end of 1925 has built a small 7 metres-deep harbour, the south pier, partly the north pier, a railroad, and has also ordered the trans-shipment equipment. The works were going on slower than expected though. They were accelarated only after May 1926, because of the increase of the sea trade exports of Poland, economic prosperity, outbreak of the German–Polish trade war which has reverted most of Polish international trade to the sea routes, and also thanks to the personal engagement of Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski, Polish Minister of Industry and Trade. Till the end of 1930 docks, piers, breakwaters and many auxiliary and industrial installations were constructed, (e.g depots, trans-shipment equipment, rice processing factory) or started (e.g. big clod room).

    Trans-shipments rose to 10,000 tons (1924) and 2,923,000 tons (1929). At this time Gdynia was only the transit and special seaport designed to the coal exports. In the years 1931-1939 Gdynia harbour was further extended to become a universal seaport. In 1938 Gdynia was the most modern and the biggest seaport on the Baltic sea, and the 10th biggest in Europe. The trasnshipments rose to 8.7 mln tons, which was 46% of Polish foreign trade. In 1938 the Gdynia shipyard started to build its first full-sea ship called Olza.

    Construction of the City

    The city was constructed later that the seaport. In 1925 a special committee was inaugurated to build the city, in 1926 city expansion plans were designed, and city rights were granted, in 1927 tax privileges for investors granted. The city started to grow significantly after 1928, population grew to 120.000 in 1939.

    Gdynia during World War II (1939–1945)

    Gdynia city and seaport were occupied in September 1939 and renamed Gotenhafen to commemorate the Goths (despite that the previous German name was Gdingen, with no relation to the Goths). Some 50,000 Poles were expelled.

    The harbour was turned into a German navy base. The shipyard was extended in 1940 and turned into a branch of a Kiel shipyard (Deutsche Werke Kiel AG.). It became a primary German naval base, and witnessed several air raids by the Allies from 1943 onwards, but suffered little damage. The seaport was largely destroyed by the withdrawing German troops in 1945 (90% of the buildings and equipment were destroyed) and the harbour entrance was blocked by the Gneisenau battleship.

    The city was also the location for the Nazi concentration camp Gotenhafen, a subcamp of the Stutthof concentration camp.

    Gdynia after World War II

    In March 1945 Gdynia was captured by the Soviets and assigned to Poland (Gdansk Voivodship).

    In 1970 riots occurred, see Coastal cities events.

    Modern Gdynia

    In Gdynia harbour there are anchored two museum ships: the destroyer ORP Blyskawica and the sailing frigate Dar Pomorza.

    Modern division into neighbourhoods

    Population and area


    1870: 1200 inhabitants
    1920: 1300 inhabitants
    1926: 12,000 inhabitants, 6 km2
    1939: 127,000 inhabitants, 66 km2


    1950: ? inhabitants
    1960: 150,200 inhabitants, 73 km2
    1970: 191,500 inhabitants, 75 km2
    1975: 221,100 inhabitants, 134 km2
    1980: 236,400 inhabitants, 134 km2
    1990: 251,500 inhabitants, 136 km2
    1994: 252,000 inhabitants, 136 km2
    1995: 251,400 inhabitants, 136 km2
    2000: ? inhabitants

    See also


    Poland
    Voivodships of Poland
    Greater Poland | Kuyavia-Pomerania | Lesser Poland | Lodz | Lower Silesia | Lublin | Lubusz | Masovia | Opole | Podlachia | Pomerania Swietokrzyskie | Silesia | Subcarpathia | Warmia and Masuria | West Pomerania
    Principal cities
    Warsaw | Łódź | Kraków | Wrocław; | Poznań | Gdańsk; | Szczecin | Bydgoszcz | Lublin | Katowice | Białystok; | Częstochowa; | Gdynia | Toruń Radom | Kielce | Rzeszów | Olsztyn

    Further reading

    External links

    Internet directories


    Poland
    Voivodships of Poland
    Greater Poland | Kuyavia-Pomerania | Lesser Poland | Lodz | Lower Silesia | Lublin | Lubusz | Masovia | Opole | Podlachia | Pomerania Swietokrzyskie | Silesia | Subcarpathia | Warmia and Masuria | West Pomerania
    Principal cities
    Warsaw | Łódź | Kraków | Wrocław; | Poznań | Gdańsk; | Szczecin | Bydgoszcz | Lublin | Katowice | Białystok; | Częstochowa; | Gdynia | Toruń Radom | Kielce | Rzeszów | Olsztyn