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Gayatri
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Gayatri

Gayatri (gāyatrī) is the feminine form of gāyatra, a sanskrit word for a song or a hymn. Gayatri is the name of a vedic poetic meter of 24 syllables (three couplets of eight syllables each), or any hymn composed in this meter. In Hinduism, it is one mantra in particular, and a goddess as its personification.

Table of contents
1 Goddess
2 Mantra

Goddess

The goddess Gayatri is considered the veda mata, the mother of all Vedas and the consort of the God Brahma and also the personification of the all-pervading Parabrahman, the ultimate, unchanging reality that lies behind all phenomena.

Gayatri is typically portrayed as seated on a red lotus, signifying wealth. She has five heads with the ten eyes looking in the eight directions plus the earth and sky and ten arms holding all the weapons of Vishnu.

Mantra

The Gayatri Mantra (also called Savitri) is the most revered mantra in Hinduism. It consists of the prefix om bhur bhuvah svah, a formula frequently appearing in the Yajurveda, and the verse 3.62.10 of the Rig Veda (which is an example of the Gayatri meter).

Text

om bhur bhuvah svah
(a) tat savitur vareniyam
(b) bhargo devasya dhimahi
(c) dhiyo yo nah prachodayat

Translation

Griffith (1896):

(a,b) "May we attain that excellent glory of Savitar the God:"
(c) "So May he stimulate our prayers."

word-by-word explanation:

Interpretation

Oh God! You are the Giver of Life, Remover of pain and sorrow, The Bestower of happiness, Oh! Creator of the Universe, May we receive your supreme sin-destroying light, May You guide our intellect in the right direction. (source??)


Early Hinduism | Hinduism | Hindu Philosophy
Primary Scriptures: Vedas | Upanishads | Bhagavad Gita | Itihasa | Tantras | Sutras
Concepts: Brahman | Dharma | Karma | Moksha | Maya | Punarjanma | Samsara
Schools & Systems: Vedanta | Yoga | Tantra | Bhakti
Rituals: Aarti | Darshan | Puja | Satsang | Thaal | Yagnya
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Denominations: Vaishnavism | Shaivism | Shaktism | Neo- and quasi-Hindu movements


Hinduism | Hindu mythology
Deities: Brahma | Vishnu | Shiva | Rama | Krishna | Ganesha | Indra | Gayatri | Lakshmi | Sarasvati
Texts: Ramayana | Mahabharata