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Gansu
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Gansu

Gansu (Simplified: 甘肃, Traditional: 甘肅, Pinyin: Gāns, Wade-Giles: Kan-su, or modified as Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the People's Republic of China. It lies between Qingzang, Inner Mongolia, and the Huangtu Plateaus, and borders Mongolia to the north. The Huang He river passes the southern part of the province. It has a population of approximately 25 million (1997) and has a large concentration of Hui Chinese. The capital of the province is Lanzhou.

Gansu is abbreviated Gan or Long (陇/隴), and is also known as Long West or Long Right, in reference to the Long Mountain east of Gansu.

甘肃省/甘肅省
Gāns Shěng
Province Abbreviation(s): 甘 gan1 or 隴 long3
Capital Lanzhou
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 8th
390,000 km²
xx%
Population
 - Total (2002)
 - Density
Ranked 22th
25,620,000
65.7/km²
Administration Type Province
GovernorLu Hao

Table of contents
1 Administration
2 History
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Culture
7 Tourism
8 Postage Stamps
9 Miscellaneous topics
10 External links

Administration

There are 14 administrative areas immediately below Gansu: ten prefecture-class cities, two prefecturess, and two autonomous prefectures:

History

Gansu is the
acronym first used in Song China, of two Sui and Tang prefectures (州): Gan (around Zhangyi) and Su (around Jiuquan).

Geography

Gansu province has an area of 390,000 km, and the majority of its land is above 1 km over sea level. It lies between Qingzang, Inner Mongolia, and the Huangtu Plateaus, and borders Mongolia to the north. The Huang He river passes the southern part of the province.

Part of the Gobi Desert is located in Gansu.

Neighboring provinces: Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Sichuan, Shanxi and Ningxia.

Cities:

Economy

Demographics

Gansu has a large concentration of Hui Chinese.

Culture

Within China, Gansu is known for its pulled noodles, and Muslim restaurants which feature authentic Gansu cusine are a common in most major Chinese cities.

Tourism

Places of Interest:

Postage Stamps

In August 1949, the provincial government overprinted the nondenominated stamps "locomotive" and "airmail arrow" stamps issued by the central government. These overprints were made by handstamping in purple, and are quite rare, valued at over US$500 each. Counterfeits are known, and apparent examples should be expertized.

Miscellaneous topics

The Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center is located in the Gobi desert in Gansu Province.

Colleges and universities

External links


[ Edit {}] Province-level divisions of the People's Republic of China
Provinces¹: Anhui | Fujian | Gansu | Guangdong | Guizhou | Hainan | Hebei | Heilongjiang | Henan | Hubei | Hunan | Jiangsu | Jiangxi | Jilin | Liaoning | Qinghai | Shaanxi | Shandong | Shanxi | Sichuan | Yunnan | Zhejiang
Autonomous Regions;: Guangxi | Inner Mongolia | Ningxia | Tibet | Xinjiang
Municipalities: Beijing | Chongqing | Shanghai | Tianjin
Special Administrative Regions;: Hong Kong | Macau
¹ See also: Political status of Taiwan