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Football World Cup
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Football World Cup

The Football World Cup is the most important competition in international football (soccer). Organised by Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's governing body, the World Cup finals tournament is the most widely-viewed and followed sporting event in the world, more so than even the Olympic Games.

The finals tournament is held every four years, but the World Cup competition itself takes place over a two-year period. Over 160 national teams compete in regional qualifying tournaments for a place in the finals. The finals tournament now involves 32 national teams (increased from 24 in 1998) competing over a 4-week period in a previously nominated host nation. A recent innovation has allowed more than one country to act as joint hosts.

The next football World Cup will be held in Germany in 2006.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Football World Cup tournaments
3 World Cup winners ranking
4 Top scorers
5 Overall top scorers
6 See also
7 External Links

History

The World Cup was not the first international football competition. Amateur football became a part of the official Olympic programme for the first time in 1908 (See: Football at the 1908 Summer Olympics). In Turin in 1909, in what is sometimes described as The First World Cup, Sir Thomas Lipton organised a football tournament to contest the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy. Italy, Germany and Switzerland sent their most prestigious professional club sides to the competition but The Football Association of England refused to be associated with it and declined the offer to send a team. Not wishing to have Britain unrepresented in the competition, Lipton invited West Auckland FC, an amateur side from the north-east of England and mostly made up of coal miners, to take part. West Auckland won the tournament and returned to Italy in 1911 to defend their title. In the second competition West Auckland beat Juventus 6-1 in the final and were awarded the trophy outright.

The first FIFA World Cup was held in Uruguay and ran from July 13- 30, 1930. It was organised mainly by Jules Rimet, the FIFA president at the time. Thirteen nations took part - six from South America, five from Europe and two from North America. Uruguay beat Argentina 4-2 in front of crowd of 93,000 in Montevideo to become the first nation to win the trophy.

In 1970, Brazil's third victory in the tournament entitled them to keep the Jules Rimet trophy. A new trophy was then designed. Argentina, Germany (both times as West Germany), and Brazil have all won the second trophy twice. However, the current trophy will not be retired until the name plaque has been entirely filled with the names of winning nations. This will not happen until 2038.

Brazil, by a clear margin, are the most successful World Cup team overall, having won the tournament five times in total and finished as runners-up twice. Germany, three-time winners (as West Germany) and four-time runners-up (three times as West Germany), are next, while Italy have also won three trophies. Argentina and Uruguay are both two-time World Champions, although Uruguay's two successes came rather a long time ago, in the early years of the tournament.

The next World Cup finals will be held in Germany, in 2006. As indicated below, the 2010 finals will be held in South Africa. The 2014 finals, which FIFA has earmarked for South America, is expected to be held in Brazil [1] as CONMEBOL has already backed it as their choice.

Football World Cup tournaments

>
Year Host Final Third Place Match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place

2014
Details
South America

2010
Details
South Africa

2006
Details
Germany

2002
Details
South Korea
& Japan

Brazil
2 - 0
Germany

Turkey
3 - 2
South Korea

1998
Details
France
France
3 - 0
Brazil

Croatia
2 - 1
Netherlands

1994
Details
USA
Brazil
0 - 0
aet

Italy

Sweden
4 - 0
Bulgaria
3 - 2 on penalties

1990
Details
Italy
West Germany
1 - 0
Argentina

Italy
2 - 1
England

1986
Details
Mexico
Argentina
3 - 2
West Germany

France
4 - 2
aet

Belgium

1982
Details
Spain
Italy
3 - 1
West Germany

Poland
3 - 2
France

1978
Details
Argentina
Argentina
3 - 1
aet

Netherlands

Brazil
2 - 1
Italy

1974
Details
West Germany
West Germany
2 - 1
Netherlands

Poland
2 - 1
Brazil

1970
Details
Mexico
Brazil
4 - 1
Italy

West Germany
1 - 0
Uruguay

1966
Details
England
England
4 - 2
aet

West Germany

Portugal
2 - 1
Soviet Union

1962
Details
Chile
Brazil
3 - 1
Czechoslovakia

Chile
1 - 0
Yugoslavia

1958
Details
Sweden
Brazil
5 - 2
Sweden

France
6 - 3
West Germany

1954
Details
Switzerland
West Germany
3 - 2
Hungary

Austria
3 - 1
Uruguay

1950
Details
Brazil
Uruguay
2 - 1(1)
Brazil

Sweden
n/a(1)
Spain

1946 NOT
HELD

1942 NOT
HELD

1938
Details
France
Italy
4 - 2
Hungary

Brazil
4 - 2
Sweden

1934
Details
Italy
Italy
2 - 1
aet

Czechoslovakia

Germany
3 - 2
Austria

1930
Details
Uruguay
Uruguay
4 - 2
Argentina
No 3rd place match was played.
Both USA and Yugoslavia shared the 3rd place.

1 There was no official World Cup final match in 1950. The tournament was decided in a final group contested by four teams. However, Uruguay's 2-1 defeat of Brazil was the decisive match which put them ahead on points and ensured that they finished top of the group as world champions.
Final group standings: 1st: Uruguay; 2nd: Brazil; 3rd: Sweden; 4th: Spain.

World Cup winners ranking

  1. Brazil - 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002 (5 titles)
  2. (West) Germany - 1954, 1974, 1990 (3 titles)
    Italy - 1934, 1938, 1982 (3 titles)
  3. Argentina - 1978, 1986 (2 titles)
    Uruguay - 1930, 1950 (2 titles)
  4. England - 1966 (1 title)
    France - 1998 (1 title)

Top scorers

World Cup Top scorer Goals

2002 Korea/Japan Ronaldo (Brazil) 8
1998 France Davor Šuker; (Croatia) 6
1994 USA Hristo Stoitchkov (Bulgaria)
Oleg Salenko (Russia)
6
1990 Italy Salvatore Schillaci (Italy) 6
1986 Mexico Gary Lineker (England) 6
1982 Spain Paolo Rossi (Italy) 6
1978 Argentina Mario Kempes (Argentina) 6
1974 West Germany Grzegorz Lato (Poland) 7
1970 Mexico Gerd Müller (West Germany) 10
1966 England Eusébio (Portugal) 9
1962 Chile Garrincha (Brazil) 4
1958 Sweden Just Fontaine (France) 13
1954 Switzerland Sándor Kocsis (Hungary) 11
1950 Brazil Ademir (Brazil) 9
1938 France Leônidas (Brazil) 8
1934 Italy Oldrich Nejedly (Czechoslovakia) 5
1930 Uruguay Guillermo Stábile (Argentina) 8

Overall top scorers

14 Goals

13 Goals 12 Goals 11 Goals 10 Goals 9 Goals 8 Goals (1) There was controversy regarding how many goals brazilian Ademir Menezes scored in 1950, because of incomplete data concerning the Final Round game Brazil vs. Spain (6:1). The first goal had been credited as an own goal by spanish defender Parra, and the 5:0 goal had been credited to Jair. However, recently FIFA credited Ademir with both these goals; thus he's the 1950 World Cup striker with 9 goals.

See also

External Links


International Football
FIFA (International) : FIFA World Cup (Women's) : FIFA World Rankings : FIFA World Player of the Year
AFC (Asia) : Asian Cup | CAF (Africa) : African Nations Cup
CONMEBOL (South America) : Copa América | CONCACAF (North America) - Gold Cup
OFC (Oceania) : Oceania Cup | UEFA (Europe) : European Championships