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Fictional country
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Fictional country

A fictional country is a country that is made up, and does not exist in real life. They are most common as an element of literature.

Fictional countries appear commonly in stories of early science fiction (or scientific romance). Such countries supposedly form part of the normal Earth landscape although not located in a normal atlas. Later similar tales often took place on fictional planets.

Jonathan Swift's protagonist, Lemuel Gulliver, visited various strange places. Edgar Rice Burroughs placed adventures of Tarzan in areas in Africa that, at the time, remained mostly unknown to the West. Isolated islands with strange creatures and/or customs enjoyed great popularity in these authors' times. When Western explorers had surveyed most of the Earth's surface, this option was lost. Thereafter fictional utopian and dystopian societies tended to spring up on other planets or in space, whether in human colonies or in alien societies originating elsewhere.

Superhero and agent comicss and some thrillers also use fictional countries as backdrops. Most of these countries exist only for a single story, a TV-series episode or an issue of comic book.

Fictional countries often deliberately resemble or even represent some real-world country or present a utopia or dystopia for commentary. Writers may create a fictional version of a specific country or, for example, a stereotypical "European", "Middle Eastern", "Asian" or "Latin American" country for the purposes of their story. Variants of the country's name sometimes make it clear what country they really have in mind. (Compare semi-fictional countries below.)

Modern writers usually do not try to pass off their stories as facts. However, in the early 18th century George Psalmanazar passed himself off as a prince from the island of Formosa (present-day Taiwan) and wrote a fictional description about it to convince his sponsors.

In modern times, entrepreneurs have invented at least two fictional countries solely for the purpose of defrauding people: the Dominion of Melchizedek and the Kingdom of EnenKio. Many varied financial scams play out under the aegis of a fictional country, including selling passports and travel documents, and setting up fictional banks and companies with the seeming imprimatur of full government backing.

Table of contents
1 List of fictional countries
2 Lands inside the Earth
3 Lands of Robert E. Howard
4 Lands of Arda and Middle-earth
5 Lands of Earth in the DC Universe
6 Lands of Earth in Marvel Comics
7 Not on Earth
8 Semi-fictional countries
9 Questionable cases
10 Books
11 Related articles

List of fictional countries

Fictional works dscribe all the countries in the following list as located somewhere on the surface of the Earth as we know it -- as opposed to inside the planet, on another world, or during a different "age" of the planet (see below).

Lands inside the Earth

See also Hollow Earth.

Lands of Robert E. Howard

While the map of Earth in the "Hyborian Age" is markedly different from today's Earth, some of Howard's fictional, ancient countries are obviously meant to be ancestors of historical ones.

...and others.

Lands of Arda and Middle-earth

Though J. R. R. Tolkien indicated that he intended Arda to be our Earth in a previous age, there is sometimes little correspondence between modern landmasses and countries and those of Arda. The following are all on the continent Middle-earth.

See also the category .

Lands of Earth in the DC Universe

Lands of Earth in Marvel Comics

Not on Earth

These countries do not exist on our Earth, but on another planet (or in another universe).

Semi-fictional countries

Some lands exist uneasily on the borderlands of fiction and fact, of imagination and reality. There follows a list of places with a real counterpart, but which in
romantic/poetic imagination or nationalist fervour or historical dimmed memory can become "other". Note that a Latinate name may conjure up visions of (questionable) past grandeur.

Questionable cases

It remains historically unclear whether certain authors intended the following countries to be fictional or whether they actually believed that they exist (or existed)

Books

Related articles