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F-16 Fighting Falcon
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F-16 Fighting Falcon

F-16 Fighting Falcon

F-16C Fighting Falcon
Description
Role Multi-role fighter
Crew 1 or 2
First Flight
Entered Service
Manufacturer General Dynamics
Dimensions
Length 14.52 m 47 ft 8 in
Wingspan 9.45 m 31 ft
Height 4.8 m 16 ft
Wing Area 27.87 m² 300 ft²
Weights
Empty 7,157 kg 15,778 lb
Loaded 10,348 kg 22,814 lb
Maximum Takeoff 16,057 kg 35,400 lb
Capacity
Powerplant
Engine One Pratt & Whitney; F100-200 afterburning turbofan
Power 106 kN 23,840 lb
Performance
Maximum Speed 2,173 km/h 1,350 mph
Combat Range 547 km 340 miles
Ferry Range 3,890 km 2,415 miles
Service Ceiling > 15,240 m > 50,000 ft
Rate of Climb 15,240 m/min 50,000 ft/min
Armament
Guns 1 20 mm M61 Vulcan cannon
Bombs CBU-87, CBU-89 Gator Mine, CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon, Paveway, JDAM, Mk80
Missiles AGM-65 Maverick, AGM-88 HARM, AGM-119 Penguin, AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-120 AMRAAM
Other LANTIRN, Electronic counter-measures, fuel tanks

The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a modern US-built, multi-role jet fighter aircraft. It is in use by dozens of countries all over the world.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Versions
3 Inventory
4 Manufacturers
5 Specifications
6 See also
7 External links

History

From the very beginning, the F-16 was intended to be neither a technical break-through, nor an enormously powerful weapons platform, but rather a cost-effective "workhorse", that could perform various kinds of missions and maintain around-the-clock readiness. This distinguishes the F-16 from its predecessors, many of which were not designed for all-weather operation (F-104) or were extremely expensive / made for aircraft carrier operations (F-14). Because of its sleek, aggressive lines and quick handling, the F-16 earned the monicker "Viper" from its pilots.

From the point of view of design, the F-16 is closer to a fighter than to a ground attack aircraft. It is small and agile, and its canopy is designed for the pilot's optimal visibility, a feature vital during air-to-air combat. For this purpose, the F-16 carries an M61 Vulcan cannon, and can be equipped with air-to-air missiles. However, the F-16 can also perform ground-support tasks if necessary. For that task, it can be equipped with missiles or bombs.

The F-16 originates in a set of specifications the United States Department of Defense issued in 1974. Two companies were chosen during the concept stage: General Dynamics with the YF-16 design and Northrop with a design which bore the name YF-17 Cobra. The F-16 was chosen from the two prototypes; however the two-engined YF-17 was not abandoned and later on became the F/A-18 Hornet.

Initially, the F-16 was manufactured in two models: A (combat version) and B (two seats, used for training). The first time an F-16A took off was in December 1976; the first aircraft was delivered to the US Air Force in January 1979. In the 1980s, the F-16A/B was superseded by the F-16C/D with improved avionics and engine.

Due to their ubiquity, the F-16s have participated in numerous conflicts, most of them in the Middle East. In 1981, 4 Israeli F-16s participated in a raid that destroyed Osiraq, an Iraqi nuclear reactor near Baghdad. The following year, during the invasion into Lebanon, Israeli F-16s engaged on numerous occasions with Syrian aircraft, ending up victorious at all times but one. F-16s were also used afterwards in their ground-attack role for strikes against targets in Lebanon. In the Gulf War of 1991, F-16 from the air forces of the Coalition participated in the strikes against Iraq.

Versions

Inventory

The figures are as of 1992.

Manufacturers

Specifications

See also

External links

Modern USAF Series Miscellaneous
Attack--OA/A-10,AC-130H/U RC-135V/W
Bomber--B-52,-2,-1B,F-117A OC-135B
F-15 Eagle Fighter--F-15/E ,F-16 KC-10,-135
F-15E Strike Eagle Electronic--E-3,-4B,-8C EC-130E/J,H HC-130P/N
F-16 Fighting Falcon Transport--C-5,-17,-141B, -20,-21 MC-130E/H/P
C-22B, -32, -130, -37A, -40B/C MH-53J/M
Trainers--T-1, -37, -38, -43, -6 HH-60G
Weather--WC-130, -135 UH-1N
UAV--RQ-1/MQ-1 UAV, Global Hawk U-2S/TU-2S
VC-25
Related content
Similar Aircraft IAI Lavi - Mitsubishi F-2 - AIDC Ching-Kuo - Chengdu J-10
Designation Series YF-12 - F-14 - F-15 - F-16 - F-17 - F/A-18 - F-20
Related Lists List of military aircraft of the United States - List of fighter aircraft
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Airlines | Air Forces | Aircraft Weapons | Missiles | Years in Aviation