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F9F Panther
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F9F Panther

Grumman F9F Panther

Grumman F9F-2 Panther
Description
Role Carrier-based naval fighter
Crew 1
Manufacturer Grumman Aircraft Corporation
Dimensions
Length 37' 5" 11.3 m
Wingspan 38' 0" 11.6 m
Height 11' 4" 3.8 m
Wing area 250 ft² 23.2 m²
Weights
Empty 9,303 lbs 4,220 kg
Loaded 14,235 lbs 6,456 kg
Maximum takeoff 16,450 lbs 7,462 kg
Powerplant
Engines 1 × Pratt & Whitney J42-P-6/P-8 turbojet
Thrust 5000 lbs dry
5950 lbs "wet"
22.2 kN "dry"
26.5 kN "wet"
Performance
Maximum speed 575 mph 925 km/h
Combat range 1353 miles 2,177 km
Ferry range miles km
Service ceiling 44,600 ft 13,594 m
Rate of climb 5140 ft/min 1,567 m/min
Armament
Guns 4 × 20mm cannon
Bombs 2000 lbs on 8 underwing racks
Rockets

The Grumman F9F Panther was the manufacturer's first jet fighter and the US Navy's second. It first flew in 1947. Power was a Rolls-Royce Nene turbojet built under license by Pratt & Whitney; as the J42;. Since there was insufficient space within the wings and fuselage for fuel for the thirsty jet, permanently mounted wingtip fuel tanks were added.

Multiple versions were produced:

Panthers served with distinction in the Korean War, downing five Mikoyan MiG-15s with no loss despite the MiG's superior performance. The type was the primary Navy jet fighter and ground-attack plane in the Korean conflict.

Panthers were withdrawn from front-line service in 1956, but remained in training roles and with the reserves until 1958.

The only foreign buyer of the Panther was Argentina, who bought 24 ex-USN aircraft in 1958. Since the catapults on the then only Argentine carrier, ARA Independencia, were considered not powerful enough to launch the F9F, so the aircraft were based on land. They saw brief combat during the 1965 border clash between Argentina and Chile, and were taken out of service in 1969 because of lack of spare parts.

A swept-wing derivative of the Panther was later built, after concerns about the Panther's inferiority to its MiG opponents in Korea; this plane was the Grumman F9F Cougar.

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Designation Series (Pre-1962) F6F - F7F - F8F - F9F - F10F - F11F - F12F
Designation Series (Post-1962) F-6 - F-7 - F-8 - F-9 - F-10 - F-11 - YF-12
Related Lists List of military aircraft of the United States - List of fighter aircraft
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