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Eurasia is the combined land mass of Europe and Asia. Eurasia is alternatively considered to be a continent, or a supercontinent composed of the continents of Europe and Asia.

Due to the vast cultural differences between Asia and Europe, the historical tradition is to consider them separate continents. This is controversial, as many historians perceive much of Southern Europe, South Asia and West Asia as historically closer to each other than either being close to their northern counterparts, creating a very accurate South Eurasia. Northern Europe and parts of Northern Asia create a vaguely similar cultural and geographic sphere known as North Eurasia.

The earth sciences, with a more precise definition of continent, more frequently consider Eurasia to be a continent in and of itself.

Eurasia can be geographically defined by subtracting Africa from the great land mass of Africa-Eurasia. The dividing line between Europe and Asia is traditionally placed along the Ural Mountains.

See also

Eurasia was also a fictional country comprising approximately the same land area in the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, excluding the British Isles (controlled by Oceania); and Eastasia, which was formed when China conquered the territory to its south, and presumably Japan as well. India was a contested border zone between the three superstates.