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The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ityop'iya, Amharic የኢትዮጵያ) is a country of northeastern Africa, the oldest independent nation in the continent and one of the oldest in the world. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule, one exception being the Italian occupation of 1936-1941.

Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
የኢትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
coat of arms
(In Detail) (Full size)
Official language;Amharic
CapitalAddis Ababa
PresidentGirma Wolde-Giorgis
Prime MinisterMeles Zenawi
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 26th
1,127,127 km²
Ranked 16th
CurrencyBirr (ETB)
Time zoneUTC +3
National anthemWhedefit Gesgeshi Woude Henate Ethiopia (March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia)
Internet TLD.ET
Calling Code251

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Regions
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics
9 External links and references


Main article: History of Ethiopia

In 1974 a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile Selassie (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), in 1991. A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea that erupted in May 1998 has strengthened the ruling coalition, but has hurt the nation's economy.


Main article: Politics of Ethiopia


Main article: Regions of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is divided into 9 ethnically-based administrative regions (astedader akababiwach, singular - astedader akabibi) and 2 chartered cities*:

Addis Ababa*; Afar; Amhara, Benishangul/Gumaz; Dire Dawa*; Gambela; Harar; Oromia; Somali; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region; Tigray


Main article: Geography of Ethiopia


Main article: Economy of Ethiopia


Main article: Demographics of Ethiopia


Main article: Culture of Ethiopia

DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarks
January 7Orthodox Christmas Day  
January 19Feast of EpiphanyTimket
February 2Feast of the SacrificeEid-ul-Adha
March 2Battle of Adowa 
April 12Orthodox Easter Monday 
April 25Coptic Good Friday
May 2MuludMulud 
May 5Patriots' Day 
May 28End of Military Regime 
September 11Ethiopian New Year/Coptic New Year 
September 27Finding of the True Cross
November 14End of RamadanEid-al-Fitr

Miscellaneous topics

External links and references

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