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Ethiopia
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Ethiopia

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ityop'iya, Amharic የኢትዮጵያ) is a country of northeastern Africa, the oldest independent nation in the continent and one of the oldest in the world. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule, one exception being the Italian occupation of 1936-1941.

Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
የኢትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
coat of arms
(In Detail) (Full size)
Official language;Amharic
CapitalAddis Ababa
PresidentGirma Wolde-Giorgis
Prime MinisterMeles Zenawi
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 26th
1,127,127 km²
0.7%
Population
 -Total
 -Density
Ranked 16th
67,673,031
0/km²
CurrencyBirr (ETB)
Time zoneUTC +3
National anthemWhedefit Gesgeshi Woude Henate Ethiopia (March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia)
Internet TLD.ET
Calling Code251

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Regions
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics
9 External links and references

History

Main article: History of Ethiopia

In 1974 a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile Selassie (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), in 1991. A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea that erupted in May 1998 has strengthened the ruling coalition, but has hurt the nation's economy.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Ethiopia

Regions

Main article: Regions of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is divided into 9 ethnically-based administrative regions (astedader akababiwach, singular - astedader akabibi) and 2 chartered cities*:

Addis Ababa*; Afar; Amhara, Benishangul/Gumaz; Dire Dawa*; Gambela; Harar; Oromia; Somali; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region; Tigray

Geography

Main article: Geography of Ethiopia

Economy

Main article: Economy of Ethiopia

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Ethiopia

Culture

Main article: Culture of Ethiopia

 
Holidays
DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarks
January 7Orthodox Christmas Day  
January 19Feast of EpiphanyTimket
February 2Feast of the SacrificeEid-ul-Adha
March 2Battle of Adowa 
April 12Orthodox Easter Monday 
April 25Coptic Good Friday
May 2MuludMulud 
May 5Patriots' Day 
May 28End of Military Regime 
September 11Ethiopian New Year/Coptic New Year 
September 27Finding of the True Cross
November 14End of RamadanEid-al-Fitr

Miscellaneous topics

External links and references


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