Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
El Salvador
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

El Salvador

El Salvador is a republic in Central America with a population of approximately 6.2 million people.

República de El Salvador
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Dios, Unión, Libertad
(God, Union, Liberty)
Official language Spanish
Capital San Salvador
Capital's coordinates 13° 40' N, 89° 10' W
Largest City San Salvador
President Antonio Saca
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 148th
21,040 km²
 - Total (Year)
 - Density
Ranked 97th
 - Total (Year)
 - GDP/head
Ranked 84th
29.41 billion $
Currency US dollar ($)
Time zone UTC -6
IndependenceFrom Spain: September 15,1821
From the Central American Federation: 1842
National anthem Saludemos la Patria orgullosos
Internet TLD .SV
Calling Code503

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Geography
4 Political Division
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics
9 External links


Main article: History of El Salvador

El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1842. A 12-year civil war, which cost the lives of some 75,000 people, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.


Main article: Politics of El Salvador

The current president is Elías Antonio Saca González. He was elected president on 21 March 2004 and took office on 1 June 2004. His presidential term ends on 1 June 2009.


Main article: Geography of El Salvador

The most important cities are

Political Division

The country is divided in 14 departments.

See Departments of El Salvador.


Main article: Economy of El Salvador

El Salvador's poor economy suffers from a weak tax collection system, factory closings, the aftermath of Hurricane Mitch, and low world coffee prices. On the bright side, in recent years inflation has fallen to single digit levels, and total exports have grown substantially. The substantial trade deficit has been offset by remittances from the large number of Salvadorans living abroad and from external aid.


Main article: Demographics of El Salvador


Main articles: Culture of El Salvador, Music of El Salvador

Miscellaneous topics

External links

[ Edit {}] Countries in North America
Antigua and Barbuda | Bahamas | Barbados | Belize | Canada | Costa Rica | Cuba | Dominica | Dominican Republic | El Salvador | Grenada | Guatemala | Haiti | Honduras | Jamaica | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama | Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Trinidad and Tobago | United States
Dependencies: Anguilla | Aruba | Bermuda | Cayman Islands | Greenland | Guadeloupe | Martinique | Montserrat | Netherlands Antilles | Puerto Rico | Saint-Pierre and Miquelon | Turks and Caicos Islands | U.S. Virgin Islands | British Virgin Islands