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Education encompasses teaching and learning specific skills, and also something less tangible but more profound: the imparting of knowledge, good judgement and wisdom. One of the fundamental goals of education is to impart culture across the generations (see socialization).

Table of contents
1 Overview
2 Categories
3 Challenges in education
4 Formal education
5 Student activism
6 Educational policy
7 Informal and alternative education
8 Extracurricular education
9 Theory and methodology
10 Education by country
11 Education and parents
12 Biographies


Education begins the minute a baby is born and is life-long. Education may even begin before birth as evidenced by some parents playing music or reading to the baby in the womb in the hope it will influence (educate) their child before birth. For some, the struggles and triumphs of daily life are far more instructive than formal schooling (Thus Mark Twain: "I never let school interfere with my education.") Family members have an educational effect which is quite profound — often more profound than they realize — though family teaching techniques may be highly informal.

Formal education occurs when society makes a commitment to educate people, usually the young. Formal education can be systematic and thorough, but the sponsoring group may seek selfish advantages when shaping impressionable young scholars.

Life-long or adult education has become widespread. Many adults have given up the notion that only children belong in school. Many adults are enrolled in post-secondary education schools, both part-time and full time, where they are often classified as non-traditional students in order to distinguish them administratively from young adults entering directly from high school.

Computing devices can change when and where we learn. This is the computer based or networked learning structure, in which people contribute to each others' education. It is defined as online education (a subset of distance education), the European Graduate School as a University operates during the summer, it serves as a meeting point for people that has participated in online forums through the academic year, this methodology is a break to the traditional educational system.


Classical educationReadingMathLanguageScienceEthicsPhysical educationReligious education – Music education

Challenges in education

In well-developed countries

Current issues in teaching

In developing countries

Formal education

Early childhood educationPrimary educationSecondary educationTertiary educationQuaternary educationHigher educationVocational educationPost-secondary educationUniversityCollegeSchoolFurther education

Student activism

Student activismStudent-led school changeStudent Developed Education Policy

Educational policy

LiteracyTesting & policy;Education reformSchool choiceCharter schoolsMeaningful student involvementStudent voiceStudent Developed Education PolicySocial promotion

Informal and alternative education

Early instruction – Home schoolingUnschoolingLifelong educationDemocratic SchoolsAlternative schoolMontessori methodWaldorf schoolOnline educationDistance educationMuseumPlanetarium – Nature center – deschooling– political education

Extracurricular education

Academic Decathlon – University Interscholastic League (UIL) – International science olympiad

Theory and methodology

Philosophy of educationTeaching methodInstructional theoryLearning theoryLearning disabilityInstructional technologyEducation PsychologyBehaviorismProblem-based learningActive learningOutcome-based educationReggio Emilia approachCooperative educationcollaborative learningTransformative learningexperiential educationSituated learningAdult educationCritical pedagogyInstitutional pedagogy

Education by country

Education by countryList of colleges and universities by country

Education and parents