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East Texas
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East Texas

East Texas is a distinct cultural and geographic area in the US state of Texas. East Texas is centered around Houston and Beaumont/ Port Arthur in the south and Tyler and Longview/ Marshall in the north.

East Texas busts the western movie stereotype of Texas. Rather than plains and prairie, East Texas is rolling hills, lush forests, and even swamps. The culture of East Texas is Southern rather than Southwestern. Houston is more diverse than the rest of East Texas and has a strong international infleunce.

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 Culture
3 Major cities
4 References


The geography is composed mainly of the Piney Woods, a mixed forest of deciduous and conifer flora. The Piney woods cover 23,500 square miles of gently rolling or hilly forested land. These woods are part of a much larger region of pine-hardwood forest that extends into Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. The Piney Woods thin out as it nears the Gulf of Mexico. East Texas lies within the Gulf Coastal Plain and revieves more rainfall, 35 to 50 inches, than the rest of Texas. The climate is mild and ranges from temperate to sub-tropical. In Houston the average January temperature is 50.4F (10.2C) and the average July temperature is 82.6F (28.1C), however Houston has slightly warmer winters than most of East Texas.

The Sabine River and Trinity River are the major rivers in East Texas, but the Brazos River and Red River also flow through the region. The Brazos cuts through the southwest portion of the region while the Red River forms it's northern border with Oklahoma. In East Texas and the rest of the South, small rivers and creeks collect into swamps called "Bayous" and merge with the surrounding forest. Bald cypress and Spanish moss are the dominate plants in Bayous. The most famous of these bayous are Cypress Bayou and Buffalo Bayou. Cypress Bayou surrounds the Big, Little, and Black Cypress rivers around Jefferson. They flow east into Caddo Lake and the adjoing wetlands cover the rim and islands of the lake. Most of Buffalo Bayou was cleared to create the Houston Ship Channel, the remaining portions of Buffalo Bayou are in Downtown Houston.


Culturally East Texas is more closely akin to Arkansas, Louisiana, and even Mississippi than it is with West Texas. East Texas is in the Bible Belt creating a strong Fundamentalist Christian sentiment. Sizable Jewish communities have also thrived in Houston, Galveston and Marshall since the late 19th century. Though a fifth of Texas' population is now Hispanic, African Americans are still the most populous minority in East Texas, although Hispanics do outnumber African Americans in Houston. During the Civil Rights Movement several communities clashed over integration.

Major cities

Other notable cities


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Regions: Central Texas | East Texas | North Texas | Northeast Texas | Rio Grande Valley | Texas Hill Country | Texas Panhandle | Llano Estacado | West Texas | Houston Metropolitan Area | Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex
Largest Metropolitan areas: Abilene | Amarillo | Austin- San Marcos | Beaumont- Port Arthur | Brownsville- Harlingen- San Benito | Bryan- College Station | Corpus Christi | Dallas-Fort Worth | El Paso | Houston-Galveston-Brazoria | Killeen- Temple | Laredo | Longview- Marshall | Lubbock | McAllen- Edinburg- Mission | Odessa-Midland | San Angelo | San Antonio | Sherman- Denison | Texarkana | Tyler | Victoria | Waco | Wichita Falls
See also: List of counties in Texas