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Douglas DC-3
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Douglas DC-3

Douglas DC-3

Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. On 9 September 1946, VH-AES made the first scheduled flight for TAA, from Melbourne to Sydney.
Description
Role
Crew
First Flight
Entered Service
Manufacturer
Dimensions
Length ft in m
Wingspan ft in m
Height ft in m
Wing area ft²
Weights
Empty lb kg
Loaded lb kg
Maximum takeoff lb kg
Capacity
Powerplant
Engines
Power hp kW
Thrust lb kN
Performance
Maximum speed mph km/h
Combat range miles km
Ferry range miles km
Service ceiling ft m
Rate of climb ft/min m/min
Wing loading lb/ft² kg/m²
Thrust/Weight
Power/Mass hp/lb kW/kg
Avionics
Avionics

The Douglas DC-3 (also known as the Dakota, C-47 and Skytrain) was a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft which revolutionised air transport in the 1930s and 1940s, and is generally regarded as the most significant transport aircraft ever made. (But also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747.)

The DC-3 was first produced by the Douglas Aircraft Company in 1935, following a marathon phone call from American Airlines CEO C.R. Smith demanding improvements in the design of the DC-2. The amenities of the DC-3 (including sleeping berths on early models and an in-flight kitchen) popularized air travel in the United States. With just one refueling stop, transcontinental flights across America became possible. Before the DC-3, such a trip would entail short hops in commuter aircraft during the day coupled with train travel overnight.

Early American airlines like United, American, TWA, and Eastern ordered over 400 DC-3s. These fleets paved the way for the modern American air travel industry, quickly replacing trains as the favored means of long-distance travel across the United States.

During World War II the armed forces of many countries used the DC-3 for the transport of troops, cargo and wounded. Over 10,000 aircraft were produced (some as unlicensed copies in Japan as Showa L2D, and as licensed copies in the USSR as Lisunov Li-2) and the DC-3 was vital to the success of many Allied campaigns, in particular those in the jungles of New Guinea and Burma where the DC-3 alone made it possible for Allied troops to counter the mobility of the light-travelling Japanese army. In Europe, the DC-3 was used in vast numbers in the later stages of the war, particularly to tow gliders and drop paratroops. In the Pacific, with careful use of the island landing strips of the Pacific Ocean, DC-3's were even used for ferrying soldiers serving in the Pacific theater back to the US.

After the war, thousands of surplus C-47s were converted to civil service, and became the standard equipment of almost all the world's airlines, remaining in front-line service for many years. The ready availability of ex-military examples of this cheap, easily maintained aircraft (it was both large and fast by the standards of the day) jump-started the worldwide post-war air transport industry.

Numerous attempts were made to design a "DC-3 replacement" over the next three decades (including the very successful Fokker Friendship) but no single type could match the versatility, rugged reliability, and economy of the DC-3, and it remained a significant part of air transport systems well into the 1970s. Even today, almost 70 years after the DC-3 first flew, there are still small operators with DC-3s in revenue service. The common saying among aviation buffs and pilots is that "The only replacement for a DC-3 is another DC-3."

A swedish DC-3 was shot down over the Baltic Sea in june 1952, see the Catalina affair.

Table of contents
1 Units Using the Dakota

Units Using the Dakota

United States Army Air Force

Royal Air Force

South African Air Force

Related content
Related Development C-47 Dakota
Similar Aircraft Boeing 247 - Curtiss C-46
Designation Series DC-1 - DC-2 - DC-3 - DC-4 - DC-5 - DC-6
Related Lists List of airliners-List of civil aircraft

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