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Dhyāna means meditation in Sanskrit. Equivalent terms are jhana in Pāli;, chán in Chinese, and zen in Japanese. It is a key concept in Hinduism and Buddhism. According to the Hindu Yoga Sutra dhyana is one of the eight methods of Yoga, (the other seven methods are Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, and Samadhi). Theravada Buddhism recognizes eight progressive states of dhyana.[1]. In East Asia, several schools of Buddhism were founded that focused on dhyana, under the names Chan, Zen, and Seon.

See also: rupajhana, Ashtanga Yoga.

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