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Dehydration
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Dehydration

Dehydration is the removal of water (Greek hydor) from an object. There are many methods of dehydration, with the most common being the application of dry heated air. This causes evaporation of the surface water, which is replaced by water internally.

Drying is often used as a method of preserving food and to obtain absolute alcohol.

In humans dehydration can be caused by a wide range of diseases and states that impair water homeostasis in the body.

Examples are :

Symptoms may include headaches similar to what is experienced as a hangover, and lower blood pressure and a dizzy feeling when standing up which is called orthostatic hypotension. Extreme cases of dehydration can result in unconsciousness and death.

Correction of a dehydrated state is performed by rehydration, and the addition of necessary electrolytes.

Even in the case of serious lack of fresh water (e.g. at sea or in a desert), drinking seawater or urine does not help, neither does the consumption of diuretics such as caffeine and alcohol. Unnecessary sweating should be avoided, it wastes water. If there is only dry food, it is better not to eat, as it needs water to aid digestion.

See also

External links