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Data recovery
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Data recovery

Data recovery is the act of salvaging data stored on damaged media, such as magnetic disks and tapes. There are a number of companies and software products that can help recover data damaged by a disk crash or virus. Of course, not all data is recoverable, but data recovery specialists can often restore a surprisingly high percentage of the data on damaged media.

Data recovery cases can be divided up into two main categories:

Common Recoveries – Involves floppies and hard drives that are usually from single-user personal computers.

                              
Complex Recoveries – Involves hard drives, RAID arrays, tape and optical media or corrupted databases and file systems usually from multi-user, business systems. Data storage at the high end has become a very complex field. In the case of these complex systems data recovery can be seen as “troubleshooting data storage.”

Whether common or complex, each data recovery case is unique and the process can be very resource extensive and exceedingly technical.

Table of contents
1 Increased Incidents of Data Loss
2 Causes of Data Loss
3 What is Data Loss?
4 External links

Increased Incidents of Data Loss

Despite technological advances in the reliability of magnetic storage, the incidence of data loss continues to rise. Data storage devices are susceptible to damage from natural and human sources.

Consider these facts: 1. More data is being stored in smaller spaces – Today’s hard drives store 500 times the data stored on the drives of a decade ago. Increasing storage capacities amplify the impact of data loss, making mechanical precision more critical. A slight nudge, a power surge, or a contaminant introduced into the drive may cause the head to touch the platter resulting in a head crash. 2. Data has become more mission-critical – Users today store more data on their desktops and networks that is mission-critical to their organizations and to their personal lives. Loss of mission-critical data, by definition, causes major business processes to stop. 3. Backup technology and practices have failed to adequately protect data – Many users back up their data only to find their backups useless at that crucial moment when they need to restore from them. They fail because the systems are designed with a set of requirements that rely on a combination of technology and human intervention for success. Taped, tape drives and cartridges do not always work properly, due to their dependence on mechanical perfection. Backup software can become corrupted. Users accidentally back up corrupted or incorrect information.

Causes of Data Loss

Data loss happens for a number of reasons. It has become a major problem over the last few years as more and more digital information is being stored on media that fails. It’s estimated that only 3% of the worlds information is backed up. More often than not, backups are not done correctly – consequently leaving you with no, or the wrong data.

Causes of Loss in Databases:

Remember that at some point everyone who works on a computer will experience data loss. It’s not a question of “if” data will be lost but “when” data will be lost.
           
A data loss situation is usually characterized by the sudden inability to access data involving a previously functioning computer system or backup or the accidental erasure of data or overwriting of data structures.

What is Data Loss?

Typical Characteristics of a Common Data Loss Situation:

Note – Most drives will emit a light mechanical hum that a user may notice under normal operation. An indication of impending failure is when the “normal sound” changes to louder ticking or grinding noises. This symptom may precede actual data access problems as the drive utilizes spare detectors

External links