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The Republic of Dagestan (Russian: Респу́блика Дагеста́н) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). It is the largest republic of Russia in the Northern Caucasus, both in area and population.

(In detail) (In detail)
Small overview map of the federal subject
Capital Makhachkala
- total
- % water
Ranked 55th
- 50,300 km²
- No data
- Total
- Density
Ranked 22nd
- 2,576,531 (2002)
- 51.2/km²
Political status Republic
Federal district Southern
Economic Region North Caucasus
Cadaster No. 05
Official language Russian
President Magomedali Magomedovich Magomedov
Prime Minister Khizri Isayevich Shikhsaidov
National anthem No data
Time zone UTC +0300

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 Administrative division
3 Demographics
4 History
5 Politics
6 Economy
7 Culture
8 Education
9 Religion
10 Tourism
11 Miscellaneous
12 Related articles
13 External links


The republic is situated in the North Caucasus mountains. It is the southernmost part of Russia.


There are over 1,800 rivers in the republic. Major rivers include:


Dagestan has about 400 km of coast line on the
Caspian Sea.


Most of the Republic is mountainous, with the Greater Caucasus Mountains covering the south. The highest point is the Bazardyuzi peak at 4,466 m.

Natural Resources

Dagestan is rich in oil, natural gas, coal, and more.


The climate is hot and dry in the summer but the winters are hard in the mountain areas.

Administrative division

''Main article: Administrative division of Dagestan


Because its mountainous terrain impedes travel and communication, Dagestan is unusually ethnically diverse, and still largely tribal. Unlike most other parts of Russia, the population of Dagestan is rapidly growing, mostly because of migration.

Ethnic groups

There is no single ethnic group with the name Dagestani. The people of Dagestan include over a dozen sizeable groups, including:

There are also tiny groups like the Balkars (who mostly live inKabardino-Balkaria), or the Ginukh, numbering 200, members of a complex family of indigenous Caucasians — some 40 groups, including other little-known peoples such as the Akhwakh, many of them crowded into Dagestan. Notable are also Lak people who immigrated after a Soviet population transfer, and the Hunzib or Khunzal people who live in only four towns in the interior.

The lingua franca in Dagestan is Russian. Over 30 local languages are also commonly spoken.


Dagestan became a republic of modern Russian Federation in 1991.

In 1999, a group of Muslim fundamentalists from Chechnya under Shamil Basayev, together with local converts, staged an unsuccessful insurrection in Dagestan. This helped prompt the Russian decision to invade Chechnya later that year.

The famous Muslim leader Imam Shamil was from Dagestan. He was an Avar.


The head of government in Dagestan is the President. As of 2004, the president is Magomedali Magomedovich Magomedov.


As of 2000, the economy of Dagestan was broken down as follows: Important industries include food processing, power generation, oil extraction, machine building, chemicals, and instrument making. Dagestan's major exports are oil and fuel. Important agricultural products include fish from the Caspian Sea, wine and brandy, and various garden fruits.

Dagestan continues to be the least urbanized republic in the Caucasus.


Most of Dagestan's population is Muslim. As with much of the Caucasus region, Dagestan's native Islam consists of Sufi orders that have been in place for centuries. In recent years there has been tension and even violence between local Sufi orders and Wahabbi missionaries who have come to the region seeking converts.

External links

Federal Subjects of Russia
Republics of Russia
Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mariy El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais of Russia
Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts of Russia
Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Perm | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tver | Tula | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities of Russia
Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous Oblasts of Russia
Autonomous Districts of Russia
Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia | Nenetsia | Permyakia | Taymyria | Ust-Orda Buryatia | Yamalia