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The term cosmopolitan refers to an individual which has kept their roots from their country of origin, yet adopted a wide taste for other cultures, and so is both local and global at the same time. The term is derived from Greek cosmos, the global, and polis, the old Greek city-states (the local).

It is sometimes misused to mean only "the global", either as a person who is seasoned in ways of the world, or as an adjective, to describe something with a far-reaching impact.

It is sometimes used by antisemitess as an euphemism for Jew. Stalin used a variant of this; rootless cosmopolitan.

In biology, "cosmopolitan" refers to an animal or plant found all over the world, under wide-ranging ecological conditions.

Also a popular magazine. See Cosmopolitan Magazine.

A cosmopolitan also refers to a cocktail made with vodka, cranberry juice, and orange liquor.