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Connecticut Colony
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Connecticut Colony

The Connecticut Colony was an English colony that became the U.S. state of Connecticut.

The first Europeans to enter the area were Dutch traders from New Amsterdam, who set up trading posts along the Connecticut River, at modern Hartford. The first English settlers arrived in 1636. Clergyman Thomas Hooker led 100 settlers with 130 head of cattle in a trek from Newtown (now Cambridge) in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and started their settlement just north of the Dutch fort. In 1637 the three Connecticut River towns (Hartford, Weathersfield, and Windsor) set up a collective government in order to fight the Pequot War. These towns gave the territory its alternate name of the River Colony.

In 1638 the towns drew up their Fundamental Orders, setting out the principles, powers, and structure of the government (these were adopted by the Connecticut council on January 14, 1639). The Connecticut Colony received a royal charter in 1662 and became an official crown colony.

The New Haven Colony was a separate entity; it was merged into the Connecticut Colony in January 5, 1665.

See also: History of Connecticut, List of Governors of Connecticut

External links

Colonial America - European colonization of the Americas - 13 Colonies
Connecticut Colony - Delaware Colony - Georgia Colony - Maryland Colony - Massachusetts Colony
New Hampshire Colony - New York Colony - New Jersey Colony - North Carolina Colony
Pennsylvania Colony - Rhode Island Colony - South Carolina Colony - Virginia Colony