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Connacht (formerly also known by the English spelling: Connaught)1 is a western province of Ireland, comprising the counties of Galway, Mayo, Sligo, Leitrim and Roscommon. Its population as of the census of 2002) was 464,050.

See also: Provinces of Ireland; Duke of Connaught

Connacht-Ulster was one of Ireland's four regional constituencies for elections to the European Parliament until it was superseded in 2004 by the new constituency of Ireland North West.


1 The spelling Connaught reflects the former English practice -- in Ireland, though not in Scotland -- of representing the Gaelic voiceless velar fricative ch as ugh (compare lough for loch), (u)gh having been used in Middle English for the same sound. Although this sound later disappeared from English, the spelling of words like "thought" and "caught" remained unaltered -- and in a further Anglicization the "new" English pronunciation of -aught was even applied in England to titles like that of the Duke of Connaught. In Ireland, however, the original pronunciation having remained intact, the Gaelic spelling Connacht is now used in both Irish and (almost always) English.

Counties of Ireland
Republic of Ireland: Carlow | Cavan | Clare | Cork | Donegal | Dublin | Galway | Kerry | Kildare | Kilkenny | Laois | Leitrim | Limerick | Longford | Louth | Mayo | Meath | Monaghan | Offaly | Roscommon | Sligo | Tipperary (North, South) | Waterford | Westmeath | Wexford | Wicklow
Northern Ireland: Antrim | Armagh | Derry/Londonderry | Down | Fermanagh | Tyrone
Provinces of Ireland: Connacht | Leinster | Munster | Ulster