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A concertina, like the larger accordion, is a member of the Free Reed family of instruments. Instead of buttons on one side and a piano-like keyboard on the other, it has buttons on both sides.

There are two common kinds:

There are also various duet system concertinas, which are much more rarely seen than Anglo and English concertinas. Their button layouts provide low notes in the left hand, high notes in the right, with some overlap (like a piano), and the same notes pushing and pulling.

Needless to say, a player of one of these "systems", given a concertina of a different system, will feel like s/he is playing an entirely new instrument.

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