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Climbing is going up, or, depending on context, also down. It may refer to aircraft, a land vehicle, and humans and animals. On land, in particular it refers to steep climbs, e.g. on a hill, mountain or stairs, in a pole or tree, etc.

Climbing without a vehicle is often done as a sport or recreation. Often the emphasis is on balance and agility over brute force. Climbing can take place outdoors on real rock faces, or indoors on synthetically constructed climbing walls.

All forms of climbing except some forms of solo climbing use a rope and some way of belaying the climber.

Nearly all climbers follow the known climbing routes in a certain climbing area that are described in guidebookss. The most experienced and adventurous will attempt to establish new routes and make the first ascents of them.

Table of contents
1 Categories by type of terrain
2 Different ways to ascend
3 Styles of climbing by type of protection
4 Competitions
5 Grading
6 See also
7 Links

Categories by type of terrain

Different ways to ascend

Styles of climbing by type of protection


Competitions are usually held indoors on purpose built climbing walls. There are two main categories. As an additional handicap, a climber may have to climb a route
on sight. This means he is not allowed to see other climbers try to climb the route, and has only a limited amount of time to visually inspect the climb from ground level.


There are different ranking systems for competitive climbers.

Climbers grade the difficulty of the routes they climb. The grading system used varies from country to country (and region) and according to the style of climb. See also grade (bouldering).

See also