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C
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C


Latin alphabet
A B C D
E F G H I J
K L M N O P
Q R S T U V
W X Y Z

C is the third letter of the Roman alphabet.

In the Etruscan language, plosive consonants had no distinctive voicing, so they took over Greek Γ (Gamma) to write their /k/. In the beginning, the Romans used C for both /k/ and /g/, only later adding a horizontal bar at right-center to produce G. It is possible but uncertain that C represented only /g/ at an even earlier time, while K might have been used for /k/.

Some scholars claim that the Semitic ג (gmel) pictured a camel. /k/ developed palatal and velar allophones in Latin, probably due to Etruscan influence. Therefore, C has many different sound values today, among them /k/ and /s/ in French, /k/ and /θ/ (like English TH in THIN) in European Castilian, /θ/ in Fijian, /k/ and /ʧ/ (like English CH) in Italian, /ʤ/ in Turkish, Tatar, Azeri; /ʦ/ in Czech, Esperanto and so on.

As a phonetic symbol, lowercase [c] is the International Phonetic Alphabet and X-SAMPA symbol for the voiceless palatal plosive, and capital [C] is the X-SAMPA symbol for the voiceless palatal fricative.

Table of contents
1 Alternate representations
2 Meanings for C
3 See also

Alternate representations

Charlie represents the letter C in the NATO phonetic alphabet.

In international Morse code the letter C is DahDitDahDit: -  - 

In Braille the letter C is represented as the dot pattern,

XX
..
..

Computing

In Unicode the capital C is codepoint U+0042 and the lowercase c is U+0062.

The ASCII code for capital C is 66 and for lowercase c is 98; or in binary 01000011 and 01100011, correspondingly.

The EBCDIC code for capital C is 195 and for lowercase c is 131.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "B" and "b" for upper and lower case respectively.

Meanings for C

See also

, Ĉ,

Two-letter combinations starting with C: