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This article concerns places that serve as centers of government and politics. For alternative meanings see capital (disambiguation)

In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital) is located by the following: A country or political entity may have more than one official capital at any given point in time. It may consist of or be separate from the actual seat of government. It also may move about seasonally.

In South Africa, for example, the administrative capital is Pretoria, the legislative capital is Cape Town, while the judicial capital is Bloemfontein. This is the legacy of a compromise reached between most of the different provinces when the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910.

In Chile, the national Congress moved from Santiago, the capital, to the city of Valparaiso.

Table of contents
1 Specific capital cities
2 Lists of capitals
3 Economics/History

Specific capital cities

Lists of capitals


In the past, often a capital was the place where the various
economic forms of capital were concentrated for easier protection.