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Calvary
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Calvary

Calvary (Golgotha) was the hill outside Jerusalem on which Jesus was crucified. Calvaria in Latin and Gol Goatha in Hebrew both mean "(a place of) a skull", referring to a hill or plateau containing a pile of skulls to or a geographic feature resembling a skull.

The Bible describes Calvary to be outside of the city wall, as burials in Jewish traditions were. But the exact position nowadays is debated. It is most popularly associated with The Garden outside of the city wall, or in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre inside the modern city wall.

The Garden has a earthen cliff that contain two large sunken holes that people say to be the eyes of the skull. The Calvary in the church is a stone behind an enclosure.

From this placename, it allures to sculpture or picture representing the scene of the crucifixion of Jesus, or a small wayside shrine incorporating such a picture.

A number of churches in various denominations have been named after Calvary. Some cemeteries - especially those associated with the Catholic Church- are often named after Calvary.

It should not be confused with cavalry (horsemen).

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