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Burzum is a famous Norwegian black metal band which was formed in 1987 by Count Grishnackh (Varg Vikernes, born Kristian Vikernes). Grishnackh, who was the sole member of Burzum during its existence, is currently serving a 21 year sentence for murder and arson. Grishnackh and his project were instrumental in the movements of the black metal inner circle, and Grishnackh later gained great infamy when he murdered Euronymous, the guitarist of the famous band Mayhem.

Table of contents
1 Statistics
2 Biography
3 Discography
4 Band members
5 External links
6 See also



Burzum was formed by the then-14-year-old Count Grishnackh in 1987. The band was originally called Uruk-Hai (after the Uruk-Hai orcs of Middle-earth from the works of J.R.R. Tolkien), but the name was later changed to Burzum, which means "darkness" in Tolkien's fictional language, the Black Speech. Burzum shows a strong Tolkien influence in general – for example, the name Count Grishnackh is taken from an orc called Grishnįkh in Tolkien's works. Grishnackh has also made references to Tolkien in his early music, with song titles like "En Ring Til Å Herske" (translates to "One Ring To Rule"). More common than Tolkien references, however, are allusions to Norse mythology and pagan beliefs. Much of Burzum's later work focuses on Norse legends, especially his synthieval album Dauši Baldrs (translates to "Baldr's Death") which deals exclusively with the legend of the death of Baldr.

Musically, Burzum has progressed from primitive, raw black metal to classical-influenced synthieval music characterized by minimalist tendencies and dark atmospheres. Grishnackh's music has always been characterized by a curiously sedate violence, deeply hypnotic repetition, and simple yet profound song stuctures; this trademark Burzum sound has been present on both Grishnackh's black metal and synthieval albums alike.

Currently Grishnackh is in prison for the murder of his previous friend and fellow musician Euronymous (of Mayhem), as well as the arson of several Norwegian churches. He is suspected in various other crimes, and was believed to be planning another church burning at the time of his arrest (police found 100 kg of explosives in his home). Grishnackh is a member of the far-right extremist group "Hvit Arisk Motstand" ("White Aryan Resistance") and is head of the "Norsk Hedensk Front" ("Pangermanic Heathen Front"). He has expressed interest in neo-nazism as well. Grishnackh has released two Burzum albums during his prison sentence (Dauši Baldrs and Hlišskjįlf); both albums rely only on keyboards and – in Grishnackh's own estimation – are not related to black metal. Also, the Filosofem (1996) album was mixed while Grishnackh was in prison, and he has never heard the final recording which was released. Recently Grishnackh has renounced any connection with black metal and heavy metal music in general.

Many of the covers of Burzum albums are pictures by the Norwegian 19th century artist Theodor Kittelsen (1857-1914).


Studio releases

Live and compilation releases

Demos and bootlegs

Band members

Former members

External links

See also