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Buddhist terms and concepts
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Buddhist terms and concepts


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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Several Buddhist terms and concepts lack direct translations into English that cover the breadth of the original term. Below are given a number of important Buddhist terms, short definitions, and the languages in which they appear. In this list, an attempt has been made to organize terms by their original form and give translations and synonyms in other languages below the definition.

Languages and traditions dealt with here: Chinese, English, Pāli; (Theravada), Sanskrit (or Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit) (primarily Mahayana), Tibetan (Vajrayana), Korean, Japanese ((Zen)), Thai (Theravada).

A

ācārya;

addiction

alayavijnana

āgarika;

ānāpānasati;

anicca

anatta

arhat

B

bhikkhu/bhikshu

bodhi

bodhi tree

bodhisattva

Buddha

buddha nature

D

dependent origination

dukkha

dhamma

dhyana (see jhāna)

doan

dokusan

dokusan

E

Early Buddhist Schools

F

fukudo

G

gassho

gongan

H

Han

I

ino

J

Jhana

Jisha

K

Kensho

kinhin

koan

kyosaku

L

Lama

Lineage

M

makyo

Madhyamaka

Mokugyo

Mokṣa

Mondo

middle way

N

nirvana

O

oryoki

P

paramārtha;

paramita

paṭicca-samuppāda;

Purisa

R

rebirth

Rinpoche

Tibetan for 'Precious one' Title for:

Rinzai (臨済)

Rohatsu

Roshi

S

samanera/shramanera

samatha

samu

saṃsāra;

saṃvṛti

saṅgha

Sayadaw

satori

sensei

skandha

sesshin

shikantaza (只管打座)

śūnyatā

sōtō-shū(曹洞 宗)

store consciousness

sutta

T

tanha

tanto

Tathāgata;

teisho

Tenzo

Tripiṭaka

Tulku

U

upāya;

V

Vināya;

vipassana

Z

zazen

Zendo

See also

External links