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Brythonic is one of two major divisions of Insular Celtic languages (the other being Goidelic), Also known as P-Celtic for the way it uses a "P" to begin words that began with "kʷ" in Proto-Indo-European.

The living Brythonic languages are Breton, Welsh, and Cornish; also notable are Cumbric (now extinct), Ivernic (also extinct) and probably the extinct Pictish (although the late Kenneth H. Jackson argued during the 1950s, from some of the few remaining examples of Pictish that Pictish was a non-Indo-European language, the majority of modern Pictish scholars do not agree). Once, Brythonic languages encompassed most of Great Britain and Ireland though in Ireland it was replaced with Goidelic when Gaels invaded sometime between 500 and 100 B.C. , but they were driven to the fringes of Britain by the invasions of the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes which brought English to Britain. Brythonic languages then disappeared from Scotland after Irish colonists brought a Goidelic language with them from their home island.