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Brisbane
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Brisbane

This article is about the Australian city. For other uses of Brisbane, see Brisbane (disambiguation).


Brisbane is the capital city of the state of Queensland, Australia. The city's name is pronounced "BRIZ-buhn" (SAMPA: ["brIzb@n], IPA: [ˈbɹɪzbən]) and sometimes mispronounced as "BRIZ-bain".

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 Weather
3 Demographics
4 Economy
5 Government
6 History
7 Events
8 Tourism
9 Entertainment
10 Media
11 Sport
12 Colleges and universities
13 Sister cities
14 Airports
15 Suburbs
16 External links

Geography

Brisbane is situated in the southeast corner of Queensland at latitude 27°28′S, longitude 153°02′E. The city straddles the Brisbane River, and its eastern suburbs line the shores of Moreton Bay. The greater Brisbane region lies on the coastal plain, east of the Great Dividing Range.

Weather

Brisbane has a subtropical climate with warm, mild winters and hot, bright summers. Brisbane is subject to humidity, mainly at the start of each calendar year.

Some of its historical extremes:

Demographics

The city of Brisbane has a
population of 1,733,200 (as of 2003). Brisbane City Council is the largest city council in Australia and is one of the largest in the world. Brisbane boasts Australia's highest rate of capital city population growth.

Economy

Government

On 27 March 2004, former civil engineer Campbell Newman defeated incumbent Lord Mayor Tim Quinn in mayoral elections. Newman is a member of the Liberal Party and is only the second ever Liberal Lord Mayor of Brisbane.

The area of Brisbane city is split into 26 wards, which each elect a council member as a representative. The Lord Mayor is also elected by a popular vote, in which all residents must also participate. Voting occurs every four years. Currently, the Labor Party has a majority of seats on Council, causing inevitable problems as the Labor-dominated Council and the Liberal Lord Mayor argue over policy.

History

The city is named after Sir Thomas Brisbane (17731860), British soldier and colonial administrator born in Ayrshire, Scotland. In 1823, the explorer John Oxley discovered the Brisbane River and in 1824, the first convict colony was established at Redcliffe Point. Only one year later, the colony was moved from Redcliffe further upstream to North Quay, which is now part of Brisbane's CBD. In 1842, the area was opened for free settlement, while the convict colony was closed. When Queensland separated from New South Wales in 1859 and became a colony by itself, Brisbane was declared the capital, but it was not until 1902 that Brisbane was officially declared a city. In 1924, the City of Brisbane Act was passed, giving Brisbane a local government, which took up its work in 1925. During World War II, US troops were stationed in the city, and it became the headquarters for General Douglas MacArthur, the Allied Commander of the South-West Pacific region.

Brisbane has been inundated by two severe floods of the Brisbane River — one in 1893 and one in 1974.

Events

Tourism

Sights to see in the city's centre include
Southbank Parklands (the site of Expo 88) and the recently developed Roma Street Parklands. The CityCat ferry service runs along the Brisbane River from the University of Queensland's Saint Lucia campus to Brett's Wharf at Hamilton, and is an easy way to get from one side of town to the other. Brisbane is also home to:

Entertainment

Brisbane has a thriving
performing arts culture, housed in theatres such as La Boite's Roundhouse Theatre in Kelvin Grove, the Optus Playhouse and Lyric theatre at Southbank, the Powerhouse in New Farm, and the recently opened "Judith Wright Centre" in Fortitude Valley.

Brisbane's CBD, in particular the fashionable Queen Street Mall, has a wide range of restaurants, and shops selling clothes, music and souvenirs.

Media

Brisbane is served by six broadcast television stations: ABC, Seven, Nine, Ten, SBS, and community television station Briz 31.

There are eight commercial radio stations licensed to cover the Brisbane market: 4BC, 4BH, 4TAB, 4KQ, B105 FM, Triple M, NEW 97.3, and NovaFM. The ABC has all five of its radio networks broadcasting to Brisbane, via 612 ABC, Radio National, Triple J, Newsradio, ABC Classic FM. SBS also broadcasts its national radio network to Brisbane.

Sport

Brisbane's local sporting teams are:

Colleges and universities

A number of tertiary education institutions have campuses in Brisbane, or in the surrounding areas:

Sister cities

Airports

Suburbs

See the list of Brisbane suburbs.

External links

Capital cities of Australia
ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA
Canberra Sydney Darwin Brisbane Adelaide Hobart Melbourne Perth
Other Australian cities