Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
Bossa nova
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Bossa nova

Bossa nova is a style of Brazilian music invented in the late 1950s by a group of middle-class students living in the Copacabana and Ipanema beachside districts of Rio de Janeiro. The name is translated as "new beat". In Brazil, it became well known through the record Chega de Saudade, performed by Joćo Gilberto and composed by Antonio Carlos Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes. The record was released in 1958. The name of the style is attributed to Antonio Carlos Jobim.

The music derives from the samba but is more complex melodically and less percussive. The genre is highly influenced by jazz and became massively popular in Brazil and elsewhere in Latin America, though its international success was limited to brief periods of popularity, such as after the release of the film Black Orpheus, songs of Elvis Presley, as well as the Bossa Nova dance, briefly popular at the beginning of the 1960s.

It is not consensus that Bossa nova can be called a movement. However, it is recognized its importance in Brazilian music history. It introduced complex harmonies, close relationship between text and music, and a general concern for arrangement and musical form. It influenced later movements such as the Tropicįlia and the Canēćo de Protesto. Bossa nova repertoire consists predominantely of songs, while the instrumental music similar to it is generally called samba-jazz.

Perhaps the best known bossa nova song is Antonio Carlos Jobim's "The Girl from Ipanema" ("Garota de Ipanema"), which is widely known in both its original Portuguese and in English translation.

Here is an example of a basic bossa nova rhythm as would be played on a guitar, using a C9, or C Major added 9 chord.

The guitar would be acoustic and played without a pick.

Table of contents
1 List of bossa nova artists
2 Other artists associated with bossa nova
3 Related articles

List of bossa nova artists

Other artists associated with bossa nova

Related articles

Samba, Bossa Nova (dance)