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Books of the Bible
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Books of the Bible

Most major religions have an official or canonical list of books which make up their holy book. In Judaism the list of books of the Bible was settled approximately 2000 years ago. Since then, there has been no debate between the various Jewish groups over the canon of the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible, which has much text in common with the Christian Old Testament). In contrast, the small sect of Samaritans holds only the Pentateuch (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) and the Book of Joshua to be sacred.

The various denominations of Christianity are not in complete agreement on the canon of the Christian Bible. While the books of the Old and New Testaments are agreed upon by almost all Christians, there is a set of books that are not universally accepted. In Protestant Christianity, these books are called the Apocrypha, and are rejected as non-canonical. In Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy, the books are known as the deuterocanonical books, and are a part of scripture. Protestant scholars often refer to these books as "Inter-testamental", as they were written after the books of the Protestant Old Testament, but before the books of the New Testament. Catholics use the word "Apocrypha" to refer to what Protestants call the Pseudepigrapha.

Eastern Orthodox Christians accept the deuterocanonical books. The Ethiopian church adds several other books, not accepted by the rest of Christianity, such as the Book of Jubilees and Book of Enoch, to the Old Testament.

The Tanakh and the Protestant, Roman Catholic, and Eastern Orthodox Old Testaments

Protestant Old Testament Catholic Old Testament Orthodox Old Testament
Pentateuch or Torah
Genesis Genesis Genesis Genesis
Exodus Exodus Exodus Exodus
Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus
Numbers Numbers Numbers Numbers
Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy

Joshua Joshua Joshua Joshua
Judges Judges Judges Judges

Ruth Ruth Ruth
Samuel 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 1 Samuel
2 Samuel 2 Samuel 2 Samuel
Kings 1 Kings 1 Kings 1 Kings
2 Kings 2 Kings
2 Kings


1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles
2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles
Ezra Ezra Ezra

1 Esdras6
Nehemiah Nehemiah Nehemiah

Tobit1 Tobit1
Judith1 Judith1
Esther Esther2 Esther2

1 Maccabees1, 5 1 Maccabees1, 5
2 Maccabees1, 5 2 Maccabees1, 5
  3 Maccabees6
4 Maccabees6
The Wisdom Books
Job Job Job
Psalms Psalms Psalms9
    Odes6, 7
Proverbs Proverbs Proverbs
Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes
Song of Solomon Song of Solomon Song of Solomon

Wisdom1 Wisdom1
Sirach1 Sirach1

Psalms of Solomon6
Major Prophets
Isaiah Isaiah Isaiah
Jeremiah Jeremiah Jeremiah
Lamentations Lamentations Lamentations

Baruch1,3 Baruch1,3

Letter of Jeremiah1, 8
Ezekiel Ezekiel Ezekiel
Daniel Daniel4 Daniel4
Minor Prophets
Hosea Hosea Hosea Hosea
Joel Joel Joel Joel
Amos Amos Amos Amos
Obadiah Obadiah Obadiah Obadiah
Jonah Jonah Jonah Jonah
Micah Micah Micah Micah
Nahum Nahum Nahum Nahum
Habakkuk Habakkuk Habakkuk Habakkuk
Zephaniah Zephaniah Zephaniah Zephaniah
Haggai Haggai Haggai Haggai
Zechariah Zechariah Zechariah Zechariah
Malachi Malachi Malachi Malachi
Hagiographa or Writings
Song of Songs

The New Testament of All Christians

The Gospels
The History
The Letters of Paul
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
The General Letters
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
The Prophecy
Revelation or Apocalypse


1 This book is not in the Protestant Old Testament.
2 The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.
3 In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Old Testament.
4 In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Young Men are included between Daniel 3:23-24.
Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Old Testament.
5 The Latin Vulgate and the Douay-Rheims place First and Second Maccabees after Malachi instead of Esther.
6 These books are not in the Protestant and Catholic Old Testaments.
7 The Book of Odes includes the Prayer of Manasseh. This book is not present in the Catholic or Protestant Old Testaments.
8 Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate.
9The Eastern Orthodox church adds one extra Psalm to the Book of Psalms.

See also