Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
Bashkortostan
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Bashkortostan

The Republic of Bashkortostan (Russian: Респу́блика Башкортоста́н or Башки́рия; Bashkir: Башҡортостан Республикаһы/Bašqortostan Respublikahy; Tatar: Başqortostan Respublikası) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic).

-->
REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN
РЕСПУБЛИКА БАШКОРТОСТАН
БАШҠОРТОСТАН РЕСПУБЛИКАҺЫ
(In detail) (In detail)
OVERVIEW
Capital Ufa
Area
- total
- % water
Ranked 30th
- 143,600 km²
- 0.3% (427.1 km²)
Population
- Total
- Density
Ranked 7th
- 4,104,336 (2002)
- 28.6/km²
Political status Republic
Federal district Privolzhsky (Volga)
Economic Region Urals
Cadaster No. 02
Official languages Russian, Bashkir
President Mortaza Ghöbäydulla uly Räximev
Prime Minister Rafael Ibrahim uly Baydäwlätev
National anthem No data
Time zone UTC +0600

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 Administrative division
3 Demographics
4 History
5 Politics
6 Economy
7 Culture
8 Education
9 Religion
10 Tourism
11 Miscellaneous
12 Related articles
13 External links

Geography

Bashkortostan contains part of the southern Urals and the adjacent plains.

Rivers

There are over 13,000 rivers in the republic. Major rivers include:

Lakes

There are 2,700 lakes and reservoirs in the republic. Major lakes and reservoirs include:

Mountains

The republic contains part of the southern Urals, which stretch from the northern to the southern border. The highest mountains include:

Natural Resources

Bashkortostan is rich in
oil reserves, and was one of the principle centers of oil extraction in the USSR. Other natural resources include natural gas, coal, iron ores, gold, gypsum and more.

Climate

Administrative division

''Main article: Administrative division of Bashkortostan

Demographics

About a hundred nationalities inhabit Bashkortostan, including
Russians (39%), Tatars (28%), Bashkirs (22%), Chuvash, Mari, Ukrainians, and Germans.

Spoken languages: Russian (~100%), Tatar (~30%), Bashkir (~20%).

Population development

Year Population
1897 1,991,000
1913 2,811,000
1926 2,547,000
1939 3,158,000
1959 3,340,000
1970 3,818,000
1979 3,849,000
1989 3,950,000
2002 4,104,000

History

Bashkortostan became a republic within Russian Federation on March 31, 1992.

Politics

The head of government in Bashkortostan is the President. As of 2004, the president is Mortaza Ghöbäydulla uly Räximev, who was elected on December 12, 1993. He is the first and so far the only president of the republic.

Economy

Being rich in natural resources and manufacturing capability, Bashkortostan is one of the more promising Russian republics in terms of economic potential.

More than one half of Bashkortostan's industry is based in Ufa, the republic's capital.

Education

Education is in Russian, Bashkir and Tatar languages.

Related articles

External links


 
Federal Subjects of Russia
Republics of Russia
Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mariy El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais of Russia
Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts of Russia
Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Perm | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tver | Tula | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities of Russia
Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous Oblasts of Russia
Jewish
Autonomous Districts of Russia
Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia | Nenetsia | Permyakia | Taymyria | Ust-Orda Buryatia | Yamalia