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in Sarah Brightman's La Luna: Live in Concert (2001)]]

In music, a baritone is a male singer whose vocal range falls somewhere between that of a bass and a tenor. A typical baritone's range will extend from around the A a tenth below middle C to the F above middle C.

Table of contents
1 Famous baritones
2 Bass baritone
3 Baritone instruments
4 Barbershop baritone

Famous baritones

Many singers in popular music have been baritones, such as: Some famous operatic baritone include:

Bass baritone

The term
bass-baritone is sometimes used to mean a singer who has a range just slightly higher than that of a bass. Some famous operatic bass-baritone include Walter Berry and Thomas Quasthoff.

Baritone instruments

The word "baritone" is often applied to instruments to indicate their range in relation to other instruments of the same group, for instance the baritone saxophone. There is also a brass instrument called the baritone horn; being a member of the saxhorn family it is not closely related to the French horn. It is distinguished from the euphonium by its bore size and shape (the baritone horn has a smaller and more cylindrical bore, the euphonium a more conical one), and is only found in brass bands. In the US this instrument is known as a tenor horn.

Barbershop baritone

In barbershop music, the baritone part sings in a similar but somewhat lower range to the lead (singing the melody), but has a specific and specialised role in the formation of the four-part harmony that characterises the style. Because barbershop singers can also be female, there is consequently such a singer (at least in barbershop singing) as a female baritone. The baritone singer is often the one required to support or 'fill' the bass sound (typically by singing the fifth above the bass root). On the other hand, the baritone will occasionaly find himself harmonising above the melody, which calls for a tenor-like quality. Because of the nature of barbershop arrangements the baritone part is invariably the most challenging to learn and the hardest to improvise.

See also soprano, alto, tenor, bass, timbre