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The Balkar people are a Turkic people of the Caucasus region. Their language is of the Ponto-Caspian subgroup of the Northwestern (Kypchak) group of Turkic languages.

About 60,000 Balkars live in the Russian republic of Kabardino-Balkaria.

In 1944, Stalin accused the Balkars of Kabardino-Balkaria of collaborating with Nazi Germany and deported the entire population. The territory was renamed the Kabardin ASSR until 1957, when the Balkar population was allowed to return and its name was restored.

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