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Andrei Rublev
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Andrei Rublev

Andrei Rublev (Андрей Рублев) (1360? – 1430?) is considered to be the greatest Russian icon painter, or iconographer.

There is little information about his life. It is not known where he was born. Probably Andrei Rublev lived in Troitsky Monastery under Nikon Radonezhsky, who became monk after the death of Sergii Radonezhsky (1392).

The first mention about Rublevís iconography was in 1405 when he decorated icons and frescos for the Cathedral of the Annunciation of the Moscow Kremlin in company with Feofan Grek and Prokhor of Gorodets. His name was the last of the list of masters as the smallest both by rank and by age.

Chronicles tell us that in 1408 he painted (together with Daniil Cherni) the Cathedral of the Assumption in Vladimir and in 14251427 the Cathedral of St. Trinity in Troitsky Monastery. After Daniilís death Andrei came to the Moscow's Andronnikov Monastery where he painted his last work, the Savior Cathedral.

The only work authenticated as entirely his is the icon of the Old Testament Trinity (1410?, at Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow.

In Rublevís art two traditions are combined: highest asceticism and classic harmony of Byzantine manners. The characters of his paintings are always peaceful and calm. After some time his art came to be perceived as the ideal of Church painting and of iconic art.

He died at Andronnikov Monastery on January 29 1430. His art influenced many different artists including Dionisy. At Stoglavi Sobor (1551) Rublevís iconography was announced as a model for church paintings. He was canonized in 1988. The church celebrates his memory on July 4.

Since 1959 the Andrei Rublev museum has been open in Andronnikov Monastery, showing the art of his works and his epoch.

Andrei Rublev is a 1966 film about the painter by Andrei Tarkovsky.