Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
Anapsid
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Anapsid

The anapsids are a group of amniotes, characterized by skulls without openings near the temples. The only extant members are the Testudines - turtles, tortoises, and terrapins. Various other groups, however, are known from Permian and Triassic fossils. The anapsids have traditionally been treated as a subclass of the class Reptilia, but as this group is paraphyletic they are sometimes placed in a separate class Anapsida.

Most of the anapsid orders, including groups the, millerettids, nyctiphrurets and pareiasaurs, were extincted in the late Permian period by the Permian-Triassic extinction event. Both the procolophonoids and some ancient ancestors of the testudines managed to survive into the Triassic, and the testidunes are the only surviving order.

External links