Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
Amarillo, Texas
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Amarillo, Texas

Amarillo is a city located in Texas, USA and is part of the West Texas region. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 173,627. It is the county seat of Potter County6 and a portion the city extends to Randall County. The city is the self-proclaimed "Helium Capital of the World" and is one of the largest beef producing cities in the United States. The famous Route 66 passes through Amarillo. Amarillo's name derives from the Spanish word for the color, yellow.

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 Demographics
3 Transportation
4 List of famous people born and/or raised in Amarillo
5 Education
6 Tourism
7 Sports teams
8 Historical events
9 Media and journalism
10 Amarillo mention in entertainment medium
11 External links


Amarillo is located at 35°11'57" North, 101°50'43" West (35.199252, -101.845163)1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 233.9 km² (90.3 mi²). 232.7 km² (89.9 mi²) of it is land and 1.2 km² (0.4 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.50% water.


As of the census of 2000, there are 173,627 people, 67,699 households, and 45,764 families residing in the city. The population density is 746.0/km² (1,932.1/mi²). There are 72,408 housing units at an average density of 311.1/km² (805.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 77.50% White, 5.97% African American, 0.78% Native American, 2.05% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 11.32% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. 21.86% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 67,699 households out of which 33.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% are married couples living together, 12.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% are non-families. 27.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.53 and the average family size is 3.10.

In the city the population is spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 88.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $34,940, and the median income for a family is $42,536. Males have a median income of $31,321 versus $22,562 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,621. 14.5% of the population and 11.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 19.6% are under the age of 18 and 9.3% are 65 or older.



Rick Husband Amarillo International Airport is located in Amarillo, and was named after the Amarillo native Rick Husband, whom died aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia.

List of major freeways

List of famous people born and/or raised in Amarillo


Amarillo has 2 higher education institutions. Amarillo College is a two-year fully-accredited community college. Wayland Baptist University, a private university which is based in Plainview, has a campus in Amarillo and offers various 4-year degrees. [1] Another university close to Amarillo is West Texas A&M University; which is in nearby Canyon, Texas.

Amarillo's main primary education school district is the Amarillo Independent School District. Other school districts that have schools in Amarillo are Canyon Independent School District, Highland Park School District, and River Road School District.


Amarillo is the home of The Big Texan, which was made famous by offering visitors a free 72 ounce beef steak if they eat it (and the rest of the full dinner, including roll and salad) in under an hour.

Palo Duro Canyon State Park is America's second largest canyon, after the Grand Canyon. The canyon is located south of Amarillo.

In Palo Duro Canyon, an outdoor musical called Texas Legacies plays nightly during the summer.

Near I-40, the Cadillac Ranch is a monument of painted Cadillac automobiles that were dug into the ground head first.

The Amarillo Museum of Art is located in the campus of Amarillo College. It underwent a major renovation in early 2004.

Sports teams

The city is home to the Amarillo Dillas, a Central Baseball League Minor league baseball team. Also, they have a minor league hockey team called the Amarillo Gorillas which is part of the Central Hockey League. There is also an indoor minor league football team called the Amarillo Dusters, which play in the Intense Football League.

Historical events

Media and journalism

Amarillo's primary newspaper is the Amarillo Globe-News.

Television stations

Amarillo mention in entertainment medium

External links

{| id="toc" style="margin: 0 2em 0 2em;"
Regions: Central Texas | East Texas | North Texas | Northeast Texas | Rio Grande Valley | Texas Hill Country | Texas Panhandle | Llano Estacado | West Texas | Houston Metropolitan Area | Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex
Largest Metropolitan areas: Abilene | Amarillo | Austin- San Marcos | Beaumont- Port Arthur | Brownsville- Harlingen- San Benito | Bryan- College Station | Corpus Christi | Dallas-Fort Worth | El Paso | Houston-Galveston-Brazoria | Killeen- Temple | Laredo | Longview- Marshall | Lubbock | McAllen- Edinburg- Mission | Odessa-Midland | San Angelo | San Antonio | Sherman- Denison | Texarkana | Tyler | Victoria | Waco | Wichita Falls
See also: List of counties in Texas